Questions related to Health
Common sense suggests that quarantine centers or ICU's where COVID patients are being treated have a high probability of transmission of virus especially to those providing assistance (doctors and nurses). My question here is there a measure to qualitatively or quantitively describe the air ( primary source of the virus spread) quality like PPM. If so how is the air quality in COVID affected areas different from COVID ICU's and how does it compare to COVID free areas. Can anyone please provide information or relevant literature on this topic.
Thanks in advance.
I am a research in Andalussian School of publc health (SPAIN) and I coordinate a project to pilot a intervention for prevention of musculoskeletal disorders at the workplace focus in care health professional older than 45.
I would like contact with you for a possible colaboration
Respected Sir/ Madam,
As collecting primary data is a tedious as well as expensive work which cannot be afforded by most of the researchers of LMICs like myself. request you to throw some light on this question to answer my query. Hence I would like to know about the sites which are dispensing data related to health free of cost and latest data are backbone of research so interested to get it timely. Of course secondary data will not full fill all the requirements of a researcher but everyone cannot afford primary data like myself.
Dr Piyush Kumar
Health Department, Government of Bihar, India
Usually people consume Fish in winter.
But in some areas it is consumed by few people in summer weather.
While some people say that fish is not good for health in summer?
What is your opinion?
The recent call by the British Academy is inviting humanities and social science researchers to collaborate in bringing insights on the global health pandemic that has led to COVID-19. I am interested to work with researchers within these two scientific disciplines who are interested in examining the health, well-being, socio-economic and cultural impacts of COVID-19 on individuals, communities and society not only in the UK but more globally. .
We evaluated the degree of increase in coronavirus infection after the holidays in Brazil, and we hope that the data can help prepare health teams to face the pandemic. Are there any surveys like that in your country? we can discuss this issue. Take care!
Barometric pressure is the weight of the atmosphere that surrounds us. Barometric pressure often drops before bad weather. Lower air pressure pushes less against the body, allowing tissues to expand. Expanded tissues can put pressure on joints and cause pain.
There are a number of smart devices, video and comprehensive analytic platforms applied to sports. Soccer is no exception. What devices or platforms are popular and what are research challenges applied to soccer?
Recently, I was in a workshop concerning sports nutrition, the person delivering the information stated that there is no proof that detox diet exists and is effective, her statement blew my mind, as she claimed that a body is able to detoxify its self naturally!, I was definitely against her statement, because if it was true then why there is a huge amount of cancer diagnosed patients, due to the chemicals or wrong diets or many other causes related to foods and medication, many studies have shown that customized detox diet plans are really effective, and in my clinic personally I have followed customized detox diet plans and the blood tests showed amazing improvements on all aspects, I need the aid in my statement and thoughts against her, any study, medical proof or so would be so helpful.
Only a decade or two ago it was widely thought that tropical forests and intact natural environments teeming with exotic wildlife threatened humans by harboring the viruses and pathogens that lead to new diseases in humans like Ebola, HIV, and dengue.
But a number of researchers today think that it is actually humanity’s destruction of biodiversity that creates the conditions for new viruses and diseases like COVID-19, the viral disease that emerged in China in December 2019, to arise—with profound health and economic impacts in rich and poor countries alike. In fact, a new discipline, planetary health, is emerging that focuses on the increasingly visible connections among the well-being of humans, other living things and entire ecosystems.
Is it possible, then, that it was human activity, such as road building, mining, hunting, and logging, that triggered the Ebola epidemics in Mayibout 2 and elsewhere in the 1990s and that is unleashing new terrors today?
- What actions can the below stakeholders take to influence research and education to achieve the Great Transition?
- What actions can the below stakeholders take to influence policy changes to achieve the Great Transition?
- What actions can the below stakeholders take to influence the private sector to achieve the Great Transition?
- What actions can the below stakeholders take to influence the public to achieve the Great Transition?
In your answers, please be specific to which stakeholders you are referring to.
The list of stakeholders include:
- Agriculture Sector
- Artists, Poets, Writers, Musicians
- Health Practitioners
- Health Sector
- International Organizations
- Jurist and Lawmakers
- Spiritual leaders of all faiths
- Technology Professionals
- Universities and other Educational Institutions
- Youth representatives
Why many highly successful physicists like Ludwig Boltzmann, Paul Drude, Paul Ehrenfest, Arnold Berliner, Percy Williams Bridgman, Augustus Matthiessen took their own lives at the pinnacle of their careers? Was it because they did not learn to manage stress or there is some other bit of a mystery?
Do every research need to learning to manage stress as it can have life-saving consequences?
The UN has recommended three broad policy actions to mitigate the global mental health impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic. What sources of evidence, available pre-pandemic, may be particularly relevant to guiding the implementation of these recommendations in low-resource settings?
The actual health crisis has changed our lives and also affected the research projects of many. I was wondering if there was a way of assessing preschool children online. I know the best way is just to wait until the pandemic ends and do it in person in a lab, but as a PhD student that is not an option for my education.
Dear Research Gate Members,
It has been observed worldwide that the individual with weak immune system can be easily attacked by Novel Corona Virus (COVID-19). The prominent health experts are also suggesting to improve immune system against Novel Corona Virus (COVID-19).
Please, share your expert suggestions on the following question.
How can we strengthen our immune system to fight against Novel Corona Virus (COVID-19) spread?
Thanks & Regards
Covid-19 has resulted in global suffering. However, lifestyle and food habits of many among us has improved due to various reasons like work from home, lockdowns etc. Which has resulted in providing more time for exercise and less consumption of outside food etc. What's your opinion that this positive change in lifestyle and food habits has improved health status of individual or disease condition especially in disease like DM and HTN, which can be better managed with good lifestyle n food practice along with medications.
Passion fruit: what are the health and medicinal benefits of passion fruit? What do you know about passion fruit?
•The first 7 SDGs is an extension of MDGs
•Second group is inclusiveness (jobs, infrastructure industrialization, and distribution).It includes goals 8, 9, and 10
•The third group is on sustainability and urbanization that covers the last seven goals
How to judge the correctness of the obtained information related to COVID-19 and how reliable are the various online sources of this information?!
What should/not we trust?! where to get information!?
The development of a vaccine for COVID-19 has become a battleground for many countries to prove to the world/their own peoples that their technology is superior and better than the competitors at the international stage. it is always a point of concern when science is serving the political establishment. Russia claimed that they have developed 'the first' Covid-19 vaccine. WHO is raising concern about the validity of this claim and urging Russia to provide sufficient data to back this claim.
Is it possible for the same scenario to be repeated in the US? An election is near and COVID-19 vaccine development can influence the result.
Weather forecast has utmost importance in Aviation, Ship routing, safety measures, planning and designing of structures, urban areas, offshore maintenance, natural resources, coastal areas, Agriculture, pollutants management and in many more weather applications in world wide.
The short and to-the-point text is here and I for one gladly co-signed this declaration, just as I also co-signed the balanced approach statement issued in July 2020 by 23 public health experts (http://balancedresponse.ca/open-letter/ ).
On a related note, I haven't yet seen this excellent paper anywhere on this site, and it is free access:
Stephen Thomson, Eric C Ip, (2020). COVID-19 emergency measures and the impending authoritarian pandemic. Journal of Law and the Biosciences, , lsaa064, https://doi.org/10.1093/jlb/lsaa064
I am working on improving the use of digital innovations at scale globally. Most of the innovations I work with provide relevant knowledge on improving the performance of projects, programs, and organizations working on social impact sectors such as agriculture, health, environment, education, etc. However, the number of decisions influenced by the knowledge is much lower than the developers' expectations and sponsors of the innovations.
I am looking for empirical studies or reviews providing evidence and insights on the factors that influence the success of knowledge in influencing decisions in social impact sectors. Could you advise publications on this?
Many thanks for considering my request.
Most hand sanitizers contain 60-80% alcohol. Alcohol destroys organisms including bacteria, fungi, protists, and enveloped viruses by breaking down the plasma membrane. In recent years, microbial communities on the skin, in the airways, and in the gut have been shown to play an important role in health. Does daily use of hand sanitizer negatively impact the diversity and strength of the hand microbiome? If so, what are the implications of this to overall health? Do skin microbes play beneficial roles such as helping to prevent transmission of other pathogens?
For my thesis I plan to extend or adjust a technology acceptance model concerning smarthealth technologies (consumer oriented like smartwatches and such).
I want to test if covid-19 has effects on perceived usefulness, motivation, ... for the use of these technologies. So I'm looking for validated constructs regarding health concerns (?)
Not really sure, please put me in the right direction
The general public must be made aware of the mode of transmission, presenting symptoms and the measures that can be undertaken to prevent the spread of infection.
Few options- Media, Webinars...
The European Parliament has approved a ban on single-use plastics by 2021. Currently there is a growing concern about the environmental and health issues caused by plastic and micro (nano) plastics wastes. This ban approved by the European Parliament means a scientific and economical challenge for both plastic industry and society in general, so I would like to discuss some points about it with the RG community.
Which could be the best replacement materials / products or perspective to adopt on the single-use plastics issue, which nowadays are everywhere in the daily life? Are we scientifically / technically prepared for these changes? I also would like to know if there are new proposals to deal with this challenges, and of course, deal with the existing contamination of plastics and micro (nano) plastics.
Has this been done with current vaccines and do you have links to the research to provide us with?
Double-blind clinical trials for coronavirus COVID 19.
Wishing all of you and your families a healthy, peacefull, prosperous as well as success- and fruitful, happy and safe new year 2021 to come. I am looking forward in continuing the participation in interesting and exciting scientific discussions and solving challenging questions in cooperation with you.
Best regards and good luck to all of you
Happy New Year fills your heart with happiness, Happy New Year to all friends and pioneers of this platform as well as to the whole world, what do you expect the general features of the new year, especially with the pandemic?
What do you think of this information and does the language of conspiracy exist? Analysts estimated that the revenues that "Pfizer" and "Moderna" could reap from the "Covid-19" vaccine will reach 32 billion dollars in 2021 alone. Pfizer and its German partner Biotech are set to generate nearly $ 19 billion, according to estimates by Morgan Stanley, indicating that the two companies could generate nearly $ 30 billion in vaccine revenues by the end of 2023. Pfizer expects to produce up to 1.3 billion doses of its vaccine in 2021, while Moderna expects to manufacture between 500 million and 1 billion doses.
Hello! I‘m working on a paper, which tries to define health apps and medical apps in the area of public health. Therefore I would be very interested in your opinion and references you know.
What are definitions for health and medical apps and where might be differences between the two of them?
What about this stage, have we returned to square one in the face of the epidemic? At a time when the United Kingdom is trying to solve the emerging coronavirus crisis and find mechanisms to distribute vaccines, a new strain of the epidemic was discovered in the country, which is believed to be the cause of the rapid spread of infection in the southeast of England, coinciding with tightening restrictions on millions of people in London.
With the end of the year, we wish a happy life for everyone and the end of the Corona pandemic soon. When is life expected to return to normal before the Corona pandemic?
The news has just reminded us how important it is to transmit a message of peace and affection to friends and family as soon as the opportunity arises. I take this opportunity to express my wishes of happiness and especially health, to all my colleagues RG than to their loved ones. May the year 2019 be the consecration of peace in the world, Peace in hearts and in souls.
Please answer it, will take less than 2 minutes,
Please find attached the link below :
This will help us considerably to have more data on Covid-19
Dr. Hani Amir Aouissi
We’re faced with a different set of issues that we do not know about exercise after recovering from COVID-19. What is scientific background in this case? How can non-athletes apply different exercise routine to get back in good physical fitness? Where is the gap for optimal intensity and type of workout? Is there a guideline or standardized prescription with scientific approach?
What is your role as a researcher in this crisis Corona Corvide 19? Your role could be, educating the community around you, the family and surrounding areas, scientific research, scientific studies, vaccine tests, treatment testing, preparing therapeutic chemicals, psychological studies, and social behavior studies.
Currently, trials about the Covid 19 vaccine are still not completed. Would you take the vaccine if it was offered to you now?
In this Covid situation, we starting our class since morning from laptop, our reading materials is provided in electronic media,our books all available in e-media,our assignment provided submitted through e media,our discussions with friends, all programs and training is conducted online, published journal all studying online ,so what will be the way to deal with all this situation.
If option two is preferred then lockdown restriction should be lifted. This issue is particularly important for the developing countries where a vast majority of poor people live. Food is the basic need. Synergies or tradeoffs?
I am currently looking for up to the minute research or research within the last 18 months or so which details the effect that the venezuelan crisis is having on venezuelan society. Preferably non-partisan as there is a tendency to just blame the Venezuelan government rather than considering the wider causes.
cultural division etc.
I would like to know what experts think about the current regulations of educational work and the influence that these laws have on the health of the education professional.
The effectiveness of gamified virtual reality for increasing adherence to exercise, affecting perceived exertion and improving mental and physical health: A preliminary study
Any feedback/suggestions would be greatly appreciated. I've also considered splitting this into multiple papers, however I feel that these variables are all interlinked.
The health crisis and banking stability, the unexpected risk was explosed. Several stress testing scenarios realized by supervisors to provid stability. The only severe risk surprised and shocked all economies is the actual health crisis covis 19.
I am looking for researchers to write a paper about this subject.
Researchers interesting by this idea contact me on my personnel emails:
The distribution of daily PM2.5 concentration (hourly) is bimodal in the city of Coyhaique (South of Chile). Coyhaique is the city more polluted by particulate matter accord the WHO. The major source of emission is the burning wood used for cooking and heating, principally at the night. The health risk estimation using longitudinal models could be biassed using the arithmetic mean each 24hrs as an exposure variable. Exist another function for PM2.5 different from the arithmetic mean?.
I am searching for background information on Peruvian food culture from the perspective of ethnobotany and health and nutrition.
Why the world-map is debatable ?
Do you have any idea of how it may impact the following -
What are Health effects ?
How it effects sustainability ?
Is there any study on growth impacts ?
What about energy and environment ?
How it impacts the ecology and environment ?
How it impacts the local economy ?
We are currently working on a project on health promotion of employees in the home care sector. To asess the current burden of this specific group, we would like to measure the degree of workplace violence. Does anyone know if there is a german version?
Thank you very much in advance for your support.
More I am reading, more I am getting confused to define Soil Health ? So, What is Soil Health? And How you can categorize or classify lands based on soil health? Can you define soil health in quantity or index, lets say field A has soil health 6 and it can sustain for next 6 years or field B has soil health 4 and it will sustain next 4 years? What score is good or what score is bad and how to get the score?
So, How to define soil health and use it in classifying particular farm land ? How we can use soil health to define sustainability or vitality of a cropping land to host or sustain the ecosystem for year after year?
We are looking for the equipments/tools to find out the composition of gas mixtures for one of our projects on gas separation.
Do you have any idea of how it may impact the following -
What are Health effects ?
How it effects sustainability ?
Is there any study on growth impacts ?
What about energy and environment ?
How it impacts the ecology and environment ?
How it impacts the local economy ?
As COVID-19 cases continue to rise worldwide, experts are faced with a critical question: can a person catch the disease a second time? The answer to this question influences, among other things, the prospects of the vaccine and its ability to protect us from the disease.
In late August and earlier this month, news reports of COVID-19 reinfections surfaced from different parts of India – Bengaluru, Mumbai and Hyderabad.
On September 15, 2020, researchers from the Government Institute of Medical Sciences, Greater Noida, and the Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology (IGIB), New Delhi, uploaded a preprint paper confirming two cases of reinfection from India. The patients – a 25-year-old male and a 28-year-old female, both healthcare workers in the Noida hospital – got infected with a different variant of the virus the second time, about three and a half months after their first infection. The next day, the IGIB team also confirmed reinfection in four Mumbai healthcare workers, although the report is yet to appear online.
The healthcare workers from Noida had more viral particles than when they got infected the first time, although they remained asymptomatic. The researchers also noted that the viral strain they were reinfected with contained a mutation that wasn’t present earlier, and which allowed the virus to resist neutralising antibodies – the kind of antibodies that prevent the virus’s entry into the body.
This is probably the first report of asymptomatic infection and reinfection, and it calls for better surveillance.
“As a significantly large number of people who are infected are asymptomatic, without surveillance, we would never be able to estimate the real numbers of infection. Therefore, surveillance of healthcare workers, who are at higher risk than the population, would be something really worth considering,” Vinod Scaria, a senior scientist of genome informatics at IGIB and one of the authors of the study, told The Wire Science.
Upasana Ray, a senior scientist of infectious diseases and immunology at the Indian Institute of Chemical Biology, Kolkata, agreed that long-term patient monitoring is important irrespective of the symptoms. She added that more gene-sequencing data should help us identify and understand the type of virus in circulation, and understand when a new ‘variant’ shows up.
Sequencing the virus’s genome also helps distinguish between reinfection, where the virus enters the body a second time and infects the person, and reactivation, where the virus remains in an inactive state in the body and later becomes active again.
Epidemiologists had speculated on the possibility of reactivation and reinfection of the virus even in April, when about 51 patients in South Korea who had been ‘cured’ of the disease tested positive again. South Korea’s Centers for Disease Control and Prevention initially proposed that they were cases of reactivation of the virus. But upon further research, they announced that the test results were all false positives: the test kit had detected remnants of the virus that were not infectious.
Other researchers reported the first formal case of reinfection on August 24, 2020, when a 33-year-old man from Hong Kong tested positive for the SARS-CoV-2 virus about four and a half months after the first infection. The reinfection, however, was less severe and the patient was asymptomatic.
One way to confirm reinfection is to test whether viral strains from the two infections are different. This is useful because as the virus mutates, different strains of the virus circulate in different regions at different times. In the Hong Kong case, scientists confirmed that the viral strain involved in the reinfection was different from the first infection. In fact, the reinfection strain was most closely related to a strain circulating in Europe around July-August, where the patient had travelled at the time. The study was published on August 25 in the journal Clinical Infectious Diseases.
Another case of reinfection has been reported from Nevada, in the US, where – unlike the Hong Kong case – the symptoms were worse when a 25-year-old man contracted the virus a second time. The authors of the preprint paper confirmed this to be a case of reinfection as five nucleotides present at specific places of the viral RNA from the first infection were different in the viral RNA from the second infection.
That said, the authors also considered another possibility: that the virus from the first infection evolved into a different type inside the body. If that were true, this would be the fastest rate of the virus evolving inside a person – nearly four times as fast as is known now.
Mind the rarity
Scientists have also confirmed instances of reinfection in Europe and South America. As of today, ten cases of reinfection have been confirmed from around the world.
These cases raise many questions. For example, are reinfections frequent or rare? Do subsequent infections evoke milder symptoms or worse? Can those who have been infected the second time spread the virus while remaining asymptomatic? And how do reinfections change the prospects of a vaccine?
A syringe with a vaccine is seen ahead of trials by volunteers testing for COVID-19, and taking part in clinical trials for potential vaccines at a research centre in Johannesburg,
In a press conference held on September 15, Balaram Bhargava, director-general of the Indian Council of Medical Research, said that although COVID-19 reinfections are possible, they are “very, very rare”, and added that it’s not a matter of serious concern.
Do you think that scientific research is currently going on the right track, that following up on scientific research in periodicals and scientific literature, we find that it is complementary research or repetition of ideas and we do not find the new is this voice, how do you evaluate scientific research currently in different tracks, in light of the current crisis as COVID 19?
At present all the world is experiencing weather extremes due to the impact of the climate change. Who is responsible for those consequences of extreme weather in all over the world? finally who is ready to face all these effects by Govt./People? Why all the Govts are not focusing on immediate controlling strategies? Not identifying causative factors in the world? How long will take time to clear our world environment? Why all the Govts not strictly controlling in the ground level before effluents entering into the environment? Why effluents are not treating/estimating properly? How it becomes more dangerous to human life and environment in all over the world?
Why govt blindly giving permissions to industries establishment without considering environmental impacts and it's side effects? Due to these blunder mistakes only now a days all we facing serious climate crisis.They have their own reasons for allowing industries in the world. But all should first consider environmental issues. Governments only priority is economical development further creating employment to the job seekers in the country, but not focusing on associated environmental impacts by the industries. Governments are giving more relaxations in the processes of new industries establishment to attract more in future to strengthening economically more stronger in all over the world. In this relaxing government rules environmental protection is missing and taking very light.Hence here am requesting all the governments should adhere, consider and implement all the environmental safety rules in safeguarding our environment at least now onward.
Too much focus on pandemic containment has sidelined other dimensions of health like reproductive/sexual health, adolescent health, mental health, geriatric health etc. Are we heading on right path? What key strategies need to employed to address such important but neglected health issues during these testing times?
I am preparing to conduct a study to investigate the association between periodontal status and Kidney health in Saudi patients.
Is it logic to examine randomly selected patients in dental clinics (with unknown systemic diseases) to check periodontal health (1st variable), and then send the patients to nephrology unit to check kidney health (second variable)?
It seem individual's attitude to environment are changing rather than last year due to corona virus issues and challenges. What do you think?
I do not agree that nuclear technology is a safe technology to be used as a source of power/energy. What we are missing in our equation is a term called human factor. This is a very common term that is missed in most science and engineering projects and designs and its application in real world.
Hundred and twenty years ago, people developed cars and airplanes for masses because they could do it. Furthermore, oil and gasoline was plentiful and very cheap. Cars were much cleaner and convenient than horse carts. Nobody at that time was considering carbon dioxide emission as the source of global warming. People at that time though that everything on earth is plentiful and self maintained. Although they were aware that earth is round, their line of mentality is that earth is flat (because of their notion of abundance of everything around them). Even when rockets were invented and astronauts brought the images of earth, it took a manifestation of damage on global scale such as drought, feminine, tsunamis, wild climate changes, ozone hole, etc for people to realize that something is wrong. It took some years of investigation to realize that human factor (specifically, human collective contribution) is a major contributor to those damaging events. Carbon dioxide is a fixable problem because the problem is recyclable but it requires us to change our habits.
Again but sixty years ago, people invented plastic. A wonderful innovation. Hence, people started producing plastics in huge quantities for the masses with very wide (almost infinite) applications. At that time, no one was considering what to do with it when thrown out to garbage. Again, flat earth mentality even when people were educated and been aware that earth is round and enclosed. Now we are facing a nightmare that no one could predict. Micro-plastics can be found inside our bodies and animals, fish that we eat. Not to mention micro-plastics in oceans, seas, lakes and rivers. Plastic pollution is fixable but it is much harder because it is not so recyclable and it is more challenging that carbon dioxide problem. And again, no one considered the human factor in plastic production.
Specifically, what exactly is this human factor? There are many definitions of it. One example of human factor that can be considered is the uncontrolled demand for more than needed and compromising the efficiency. Let say that humans will always crave for more and more until it hurts just like J. D. Salinger's short story "A perfect day for Bananafish". Now with given nuclear technology and its downsides such as solid, liquid and gas form radioactive wastes, do you really think that down the line after fifty to hundred years from now, everything will be safe and okay after we will accumulate nuclear waste so that it will be pervasive everywhere? Do you really think that education and some kind of training will help mitigate this? Can you guarantee that U.S. (for example) will be free of wars, internal conflicts and other calamities? Let us assume that we mass produce nuclear technology. We produced nuclear power plants (done), nuclear mobile power plants (done), nuclear rockets and planes (done), nuclear batteries (done), nuclear sensor (done) and what next.....nuclear cars, trucks, tractors, lawn mowers, radios, artificial hearts, hairdryers, toys for children? When the catastrophe or some massive dying will occurs, and the guilty party will be the radioactive waste (which happens already albeit in slower and stealthy way), it will be much and much harder to fix than the previous problems I mentioned before. What to do with accumulated nuclear waste? How to deal with radioactive damage? When considering human factor, I do not consider even fusion reactors as a viable solution (even super clean fusion He-He reaction). In a matter of fact, I consider natural gas plants (NGP) much safer (because it is easy to fix it if breakdown occurs) and cleaner power source than nuclear reactors and NGP can be made carbon dioxide emission free (oxygen taken and oxygen returned) if properly invested, researched and implemented. The solution is there in the lab stage so far. So what is your stand on nuclear power plants? I see more politicians and wealthy communities touting the benefits of nuclear power plants fighting the global warming. To me it is a manifestation of people 'screaming for more power' for less effort without any regards for long term consequences.
I am looking to use meta-ethnography and meta-analysis in qualitative health studies, but am doing quantitative studies as well, and am wondering if it would be useful for both.
I am working on the statistical analysis part of a manuscript and I would like to know how do I reference my source which was Eurostat's database: https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/health/health-care/data/database
Do you believe in spontaneous recovery, by reviewing previous viruses such as the Saris virus, the Middle East Syndrome virus and the Ebola virus, we find that these viruses have reached their climax and then faded, do you think that the Covid 19 virus will soon disappear based on the aforementioned Views?
Are health workers at risk from a novel coronavirus?
Yes, they can be, as health care workers come into contact with patients more often than the general public WHO recommends that health care workers consistently apply appropriate
We are now crowdsourcing ideas for useful community engagement and partnership tools for both researchers and communtiy stakeholders in health field.
Although there are various tools, toolkits and resources online, we wonder if there are any tools that you find particularly useful in practice? Any recommendations based on your experiences? Tools for all phases of engagement: planning, execution, analysis to dissemination are welcome!
Thank you for your generous sharing of ideas in advance!
Good feeding and health are the important components for welfare assessment of migratory goats. But which components should be given more emphasis if you have to scored them out of 100 points?
It is common in qualitative research to interview for example patients and their partners or their health professionals to talk about the same topic and explore the perspectives of all the people involved in the issue under investigation. For example, interviewing people with a disability to talk about the support they receive from their health care professionals, at the same time interviewing health care professionals to talk about the support they offer to their disabled patients.
Many published papers show the authors have done this but it is rare to come across a paper that mentions the word triangulation in their methodology, or mixed methods.
I would love to hear the opinion of people working in this area of research regarding considering this form of research mixed methods or triangulation. I would also appreciate it if you shared resources talking about this type of research. thanks a lot.
It is noticable that in an increasing number of countries, states or provinces, health ministers and senior public health officials are women. In this crisis, are people more likely to trust the information coming from women officials than for their male counterparts?
This is the title of the succinct, but sobering review published a couple of days ago by the Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine at the University of Oxford, UK, on the state-of-the-art of cloth mask research:
It takes only 10 min to read in full, but here are some of the disconcerting conclusions that stood out to me:
- "The increasing polarised and politicised views on whether to wear masks in public during the current COVID-19 crisis hides a bitter truth on the state of contemporary research and the value we pose on clinical evidence to guide our decisions";
- "It would appear that despite two decades of pandemic preparedness, there is considerable uncertainty as to the value of wearing masks. For instance, high rates of infection with cloth masks could be due to harms caused by cloth masks, or benefits of medical masks";
- "The numerous systematic reviews that have been recently published all include the same evidence base so unsurprisingly broadly reach the same conclusions. However, recent reviews using lower quality evidence found masks to be effective".
- " We consider it is unwise to infer causation based on regional geographical observations as several proponents of masks have done".
- "This abandonment of the scientific modus operandi and lack of foresight has left the field wide open for the play of opinions, radical views and political influence".
P.S. Note that as part of its mission to "develop, promote and disseminate better evidence for healthcare", the Centre has created a dedicated page for COVID-19, where you can find highly useful information on the pandemic, ordered chronologically (It was one of the first pages I bookmarked early in the pandemic, and I am grateful I did so):
Some of the entries are UK-focused, but many are of more general interest.
Since the death rates due to COVID 19 seem to vary strongly between different countries, the suspicion stands to reason that this may have to do with different qualities of the health care systems in these countries. So I have compiled a list of countries ranking them based on the ratio of deaths due to COVID 19 and cumulative infected persons up to 10/04/2010 (around noon) according to data published by the Johns Hopkins University. To make sure that these are countries not just at the beginning of an outbreak (where rates may not yet be stable), I have restricted myself to cases with at least 20000 cumulative infections, except for South Korea and Austria, where I happen to know that they have a sufficiently long history with the disease. This gives the table below, in which I have also included the number of reported recovered cases, which gives an indication as to the current phase of the pandemic in the respective country. And I have added data for the city of New York which alone has more cases than all of China (if the numbers given by China are correct).
Country Cumulative Infected Deaths Rates (%) Recovered
South Korea 10450 208 1.99 7117
Turkey 42282 908 2.14 2142
Germany 118235 2607 2.20 52407
Austria 13377 319 2.38 6064
Canada 20765 510 2.46 5311
US 466299 16686 3.58 26522
Switzerland 24172 958 3.96 10600
China 82924 3340 4.03 77758
New York 87028 5150 5.92 0
Iran 66220 4110 6.21 32309
Spain 157022 15843 10.09 55668
France 118785 12228 10.29 23441
Netherlands 21910 2405 10.98 280
Belgium 26667 3019 11.32 5568
United Kingdom 65872 7993 12.13 359
Italy 143626 18279 12.72 28470
(Because this editor does not reproduce spacings correctly and the text font width is not fixed, I attach the table as a pdf document and as a png image, which will make it more readable.)
As an aside, it may be noted that the ratio of the number of deaths to the number of recoveries for the closed cases, i.e., the known cases of infections that have meanwhile ended one way or another, is much higher as of April 8. Deaths constituted 21.12 %, recoveries 78.88 % (source: https://www.worldometers.info/coronavirus/worldwide-graphs/#newly-infected-newly-recovered) of all such cases. This does not mean that in the long run such a high percentage will die, because this count misses all recoveries of persons that had too weak symptoms to ever enter a hospital or get a test.
The table contains some expected and some unexpected results. For example, while the relative positions of South Korea and Germany were roughly to be expected for someone following the development of the last few weeks, the position of Turkey is a real surprise to me. But seeing that they have only one twenty-fifth of recovered cases at about a third of infected persons in comparison with Germany, I would conclude that they are still much closer to the beginning of the epidemic than Germany and they either test a lot or have a real explosive development of infections, increasing the denominator in the ratio deaths vs cumulative infected. Their rate of deaths vs recovered persons is not particularly good so the conclusion that they have a good health care system would be premature. But we shall see whether they can keep their position...
Germany, Austria, and Canada seem to fare about equally well. The pandemic started somewhat earlier in Austria than in Germany and their infection curve seems to flatten more strongly already. But the numbers seem to correspond to the fact that Austria has about one tenth of the population of Germany.
The US have, to my knowledge, the most expensive health system in the world, about twice as expensive per capita as th German one. But it is a system mostly for the rich. If you need treatment for certain diseases where cutting-edge research results are important (such as certain cancers), getting that treatment in the US may be life-saving. If you can afford to pay for it, you'll have your surgery or whatever in the best clinic which likely is in the US. But many US citizens will not benefit from the advances at the top of their system, because they have no health insurance at all or no insurance at the moment of disease, their insurance being coupled to employment. So it may not be too surprising that the US does not show up at the top of the list. On average, they are still doing pretty well, but the social component of their system becomes immediately visible by looking at New York that has about the same quality of results as Iran... (Also, there are rumours that black people have lower survival chances in New York than white ones.) The figures for Iran may not be reliable, though.
There may be a large dark figure in the case of China, too, so it is not clear whether their relatively low rate signifies that they have health care comparable to Switzerland indeed.
In the case of Spain and Italy, we can be sure that their health systems had at least a partial breakdown (which is probably true of France as well), which lead to an increase of death rates. There is evidence of triage in Italy, e.g. the story of a 72-year old priest who renounced a respiration apparatus in favour of a younger person -- and died. One may of course see this as a consequence of insufficient resources of the health system. Of the European countries, Germany seems to have the highest number of intensive care beds and the largest reserve capacities. Apparently, they exceed those of the UK by a factor of 10 or so, and this may play an important role. In any case, the National Health Service of the UK does not have the best reputation. And the German health care system has not yet touched its limits. This may happen two weeks from now, if the rates of new infections don't drop.
Of course, there may be other reasons for the high rates of the six European countries at the end of the table. Maybe the number of unreported cases is much higher there and the actual death rate correspondingly lower. It seems that testing for the disease is not done as extensively in those countries as in Germany. But it is doubtful whether this can account for a factor of five in the rate. Also, Germany did not test as much as South Korea (and did not as efficiently track the contacts of established cases), otherwise they would never have had 10 times as many infections. And you cannot easily get a test in Germany. Symptoms such as fever or cough are not enough to be tested for COVID 19, you need to have had contact with an infected person.
I have seen dark figures of infections estimated to be as high as six (for the US, which would mean they have 3 million rather than half a million infected persons), so it is not excluded that a substantial part of the differences is due to a wrong denominator -- assuming that the number of deaths is about correct, i.e., there are only few misattributions. But if six is a decent figure for the US, then two would probably be a minimum for the European countries (they will not be that much better in detecting infections than the US), so the spread is still only about three, leaving room to attribute differences to differences in health care quality.
Does this sound reasonable or are there more important reasons for the differences? (Age structure comes to mind, but is definitely not sufficient to explain the difference between Germany and Italy.)
Physician Assistant is a health professional that work closed with the physician, the lab is essentially about performing medical procedures in teaching models. The questions what type of research can you do?
I am drafting a paper on the number of hospital beds in the different States of the US and find that half of US States have bed provision equivalent to the less developed countries. This leads to the question as to whether those without health insurance or who cannot afford co-payments are receiving Covid-19 treatment if they are acutely ill?
Do you consider lack of interdisciplinary cooperation to be negative for the prevention of the corona virus spread worldwide?
It seems disciplines and organizations are making choices and recommendations from their own disciplines.
For instance economics, health care, physicians, experts in virus, but there seem to be opposed information spread.
Should it not be a cooperation of experts first that set standards and advices?
Would an expert in the virus, be an expert in psychological behavior of people?
Taking into account the latest worrying statements from world leaders (WHO, World Bank, ...) because of COVID-19, we can fear the worst for the world economy. The foreseeable consequences on health and social life are looking grim. Perhaps, we should be skeptical about achieving the SDGs and/or, without defeatism, worried about the loss of acquired...
Below some useful links relating to the issue:
Due to COVID 19, there was lockdown in numerous countries which reduces air pollution, If I have to research and investigate the effects before and after;
What criteria I have to involve?
Is there any free platform where I can find the data about air pollution?
Could you suggest a platform for the analysis of this particular data?
The continued spread of COVID-19 across the globe is worrying.
Especially in Africa specifically Ghana the reported cases keep increasing.
In Ghana, on-going voter registration exercise and complete disregard of the health protocols.