Science topics: Research
Science topic

Research - Science topic

Explore the latest questions and answers in Research, and find Research experts.
Questions related to Research
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
3 answers
In many countries universities set 4 years as the normal time limit in which you are expected to graduate. Some finish faster than that but most take longer. My question is simple: how long did it take for you and what was the most rewarding/difficult aspect?
Best wishes Henrik
Relevant answer
Answer
I'm not a PHD graduate but as a PHD student I try to finish it in 4 years although I know it depends on my efforts. I think the most difficult part of this course is to write a good proposal that it makes the foundation of your thesis. After that PHD will be a good journey.
Good luck
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
6 answers
Why is the current research seemingly lacking novelty and having low average citation index? Are there any standardized post publication indicators of scoring the conceptual creativity of a researcher and monitoring the contribution of published research towards solving the existing problem(s)?
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Job Omweno thank you for asking this relevant technical question which is certainly of significant interest to many other RG members as well. Actually, I'm wondering what made you believe that "current research seemingly lacks novelty and has low average citation index"? I assume that this depends on the different areas of research. At least for our discipline, chemistry, my personal impression is totally different. Leading chemical journals which used to be published biweekly now have large issues every week and publish 20,000+ pages every year (cf. e.g. the Journal of the American Chemical Society at https://pubs.acs.org/journal/jacsat). Every day exciting new results are being published in chemistry and its sub-disciplines, and it has become rather difficult to keep up with all the exciting new developments.
As for the second part of your question ("Are there any standardized post publication indicators of scoring the conceptual creativity of a researcher and monitoring the contribution of published research towards solving the existing problem(s)?") I might add that there have always been both exciting and boring research articles. On the average, high-impact journals publish more exciting and innovative research articles, while routine work finds its place in lower IF journals. Unlike most engineers we always had the privilege of being able to do basic research. This means that we mostly did not care about immediate practical applications and even less about "post publication indicators". However, I know of various cases where our work later turned out to be highly useful for a variety of practical applications such as catalysis and materials science. In the end our work can certainly be called highly cited (ca. 11,000 citations on RG) but I never tried anything to actively influence this. It just happened.
Good luck with your research and best wishes, Frank Edelmann
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
10 answers
Dear community of researchers,
I am a French business school student.
For my master dissertation, I'm working on innovation and how could innovation influence multinational's internationalization.
I've already find some interesting articles and topics that could help me to answer my question, but I'm referring to you today to have a new look on this subject.
So, I'm asking you if you have any advice to handle this subject in the best way or you know some articles that could fit my research question ?
Thank you in advance.
Best regards,
LD
Relevant answer
Answer
In recent years, technological innovations, including, for example, innovations in the field of new information technologies, ICT and Industry 4.0, increase the possibilities of international operation of enterprises and corporations. These processes take place in many economic entities operating internationally and thus accelerate the processes of informational, technological and economic globalization.
Regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
8 answers
I have noticed an unfortunate trend within a sub-group of the RG community. These researchers ask an urgent question, and after the question has been answered by one or several people they then go ahead and delete the question. The reason for this seems to be to avoid having questions on their profile, and instead act as a paragon of knowledge and insight. This hurts both the community and the researchers whom provide answers within the platform. By spending time and effort into solving someone else's problems, these people should be rewarded by increasing their answer/solution reads, and potentially even recommendations. In proxy, their research and themselves as researchers are also promoted from this effort, in gaining traction. By deleting questions (and the answers) this sub-group is hurting the very foundation of research by discouraging researchers to solve others problems. Science is fundamentally about cooperation in solving problems, and is something that should always be encouraged to contribute to a flowering community.
What does the RG community think of this phenomena and what can be done to discourage this damaging behaviour?
Relevant answer
Answer
Here's an example of someone that should know better:
If they want to keep something confidential or only known to them, then they should not be on RG.
Related to this is the use of private messaging within RG where experts are 'consulted' outside the RG forum and no one else can share in this knowledge interchange. Personally I believe that the private messaging facility should be abolished in RG and all discussions (except abusive, offensive etc) and answers kept visible and permanent so all can benefit from the scientific interchanges.
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
7 answers
Hi. I'm searching different methods to delimitate a study area. For example, in hidrological studies is usual to create a polygon for the watersheed (Using contour lines or a DEM). In Environmental impact assessment is the direct and indirect areas that determine the polygon to use. Other cases use political division (Neightborhoods, streets, estates...).
All of them base the delimitations on physical characteristics.
But how to delimitate the study area when the phenomenon intersects several watersheeds, or if i'm investigating a community that move across several estates or political divisions. How to know where the limits are to create my polygon? And how to know if the delimitation is right and that i'm not losing information or data by bad delimitation.
Thanks for your answers.
Relevant answer
Answer
In addition to the previous answers and from a practical point of view, the delineation depends on the scope of your study and the governing laws that define the spatial buffer for the phenomena under your investigation. For example, there are known buffers for roads, electric lines, and pipelines. On the other hand, the spatial extension or the boundary for a phenomenon like a flood depends on the expected flood elevations from different return periods. Moreover, the spatial extent or boundary of pollution by mercury from artisinal gold mining depends on several parameters such as the levels of rainfall, the gradient of the topographic surface, the soil type, lithology, etc. And above all, it depends on the legal definition and the practical consequences of the nature of your problem or hazard under your investigation. As such, the delineation of the boundary depends on the nature of your problem.
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
9 answers
Greetings
One of the most major problems of writing an undergraduate article is the lack of access to a laboratory and a professor to check the accuracy of article information in the laboratory.
For example, at my university, only postgraduate, PhD and postdoctoral students are allowed to work in the laboratory. What should an undergraduate student do if he or she wants to write an article and extract the information needed for his or her paper from the lab?
Undergraduate students do not have access to professors and laboratories to verify their ideas, what should they do to write an article?
Can he write another type of article that is published in a valid journal but does not require laboratory information? Or can he collaborate with a foreign professor to write an article?
What is the solution to the problem?
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Pejman Rahmani Nejad sorry to hear about the difficult situation in your country. I can fully understand that you sometimes get upset about certain conditions. However, when you say that "only postgraduate, PhD and postdoctoral students are allowed to work in the laboratory" I can add that this is not much different in our country (Germany) as well. Students at German universities do laboratory work on their own for the first time when they work for the Bachelor thesis. This is after they spend 6-7 semesters as undergraduate students. I suggest that you use the time in between for reding relevant literature. Many important chemical literature is freely available right here on RG. This way you can get a good overview about special areas and lay the foundation for your own new research ideas. Good luck and all the best!
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
25 answers
"THIS IS AN ABSOLUTELY SCIENTIFIC QUESTION"
Firefighting drones in buildings have been developed for some years on their own, that is, without the military's "fabulous and generous budgets" for killer drones.
Machines that can actually save lives instead of taking lives.
The Chinese company EHang Holdings Limited, has been developing manned drone vehicles. One of its new products is the EHang 216F (Firefighting Model) designed to fight fires in big cities.
Tell us your scientific opinion on use of manned drones for firefighting?
PLEASE ANSWER IN ENGLISH ONLY.
VERY IMPORTANT: Participate only if you are original, be yourself give your opinion, do not put links or texts from "Genio Google" or things found out there on the web! No one has any interest in stupid web answers, if that's the case, please be so kind as to ignore this debate!
SOURCE LINKS:
Relevant answer
Answer
In fact, such electric drones seem useful to humanity, because they may be more efficient than traditional methods in firefighting in terms of accuracy, work efficiency, and speed, in addition to their adaptation to weather conditions... On the other hand, they provide more safety because they do their job by remote control, and it can be adapted to the events that may arise and that need to be faced.
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
5 answers
Are sources of global or national financial, economic, debt, monetary and financial crises described and explained in recent years in scientific publications taken into account in financial supervision institutions in shaping prudential instruments, improving financial system security systems in order to increase this level of security and reduce risk potential future occurrence of similar, similar financial and economic crises, etc., thus improving the sustainable economic development of the country and the global economy?
Do you know examples of countries in which in recent years institutions of supervision over the financial system while shaping prudential instruments, improving financial systems security systems took into account the sources of global or national financial, economic, debt and monetary crises described and explained in recent years in scientific publications e.t.c.?
What types of prudential instruments, instruments of the process of improving financial risk management, including credit, liquidity, currency, debt or other, operational, market, etc. were improved by financial supervisors after the global financial crisis in 2008, which were proposed in the last years in scientific publications?
Is the importance of improving the credit risk management processes in financial institutions growing due to the continuation of processes and market situations occurring on financial markets, including capital markets, stock exchanges, used business practices in investment banking, forecasted decline in the global economic growth rate in 2019, emerging considerations about the subsequent re-evaluation of securities valuations, etc.?
Please, answer, comments.
I invite you to the discussion.
Best wishes
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Madhukar Baburao Deshmukh,
Yes of course. Thanks for the answer.
Dariusz Prokopowicz
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
54 answers
"THIS IS AN ABSOLUTELY SCIENTIFIC QUESTION"
Everyone has always criticized science for science, then criticized basic science without application, then criticized applied science without technological production, then technological science without environmental concerns, then criticized science that takes care of environmental issues without making technological profit. Either way for science is always criticized.
We are in an environment that should be absolutely scientific, but so far it isn't!
I see that science will always exist, and it seems that it will never please humanity that always wants everything with nothing in return. Here in Brazil, this is a phrase that personalizes this sad human behavior “The human being always thinks of having an advantage in everything!”.
In your scientific opinion, looking at what was said and write before, what is the future of science?
PLEASE ANSWER IN ENGLISH ONLY.
VERY IMPORTANT: Participate only if you are original, be yourself give your opinion, do not put links or texts from "Genio Google" or things found out there on the web! No one has any interest in stupid web answers, if that's the case, please be so kind as to ignore this debate!
Relevant answer
Answer
The first phrase of your question is admirable !
The future science will be able to reverse global warming and secure the future of the planet. But before get to this point Science should fight some other pandemics, fight deterioration of Earth conditions and ....... we should pay a lot !
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
22 answers
Sometimes all of scientific articles are not available in google search even in another search engine. But when I intended to do a new work, so how can I know that this is first time. Even though, it may be that the work has been done before but it did not appear in my search engine. So, what could basis that we can say this is first time work or research.
Relevant answer
Answer
Mirza Mienur Meher sure I agree with all comments about search details: databases (Google Scholar is apparently the most comprehensive and free), keywords, reading recent reviewers, etc. But the truth is that you cannot confirm by 100% the novelty of your research. Always there is a chance of unintentional plagiarism. It is NOT a crime because every real research contains something very individual/personal and original. A thoughtless work in science can be 100% plagiarism, but thoughtful creative research - never! More than 99% of published papers are not absolutely novel, it is OK to have just a few novel elements. More important is the confirmation that your data agree with already available knowledge. It means that you must repeat research done previously rather than avoid it!
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
2 answers
Hello all,
I am attempting to determine the concentration of B. diminuta bacteria in an inoculated broth after 24 hours at 30 C on a shaking incubator by performing a spot plate of diluted samples and back calculating the original concentration. When I perform this, I am consistently getting very high CFU/mL values of approx. 1x10^11 CFU/mL. Can someone look over my experiment and tell me if I am making an error somewhere or is this value correct?
1) Inoculate 500 mL of Saline Lactose broth with inoculating loop dipped in pre-prepared glycerol stock of B. diminuta. Incubate on shaking incubator for 24 hrs. at 110 rpm.
2) Make eight 10x serial dilutions from 10^-1 to 10^-8 using 5 mL in 45 mL peptone water (1 g/L).
3) Plate 20 uL of each dilution in duplicate on Tryptic Soy Agar plates, allow to dry for approx. 5 minutes, and place in static incubator upside down for 18-24 hours or until colonies are visible for count.
4) Count the average # of colonies per dilution and calculate the CFU/mL using the following calculation: CFU per ml = Average number of colonies for a dilution x 50 x dilution factor.
Example: 10^-8 dilution average colonies: 19, (19 x 50 x 10^-8) = 9.5 x 10^10 CFU/mL.
Thank you for any assistance you can offer
Relevant answer
Answer
As Michael said, 10E11 cfu/ml seems well beyond what one would expect.
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
35 answers
"THIS IS AN ABSOLUTELY SCIENTIFIC QUESTION"
As a researcher, teacher and advisor, I realize that the times and days dedicated to rest are often not respected. The digital facility allows people to get in touch on the strangest days and times and acting as if this is absolutely normal.
I see this as professional digital clutter. Respect and consideration for people in their hours and rest days must be followed even in modern digital means of communication.
Tell us your opinion about this? Respecting rest days!
PLEASE ANSWER IN ENGLISH ONLY.
Relevant answer
Answer
Thank you very much for this question, which frankly we suffer a lot from facing such cases and constantly... You put your hand on the wound, frankly, this situation existed before the pandemic, but to a much lesser extent than now... We suffer from work and without stopping day and night and without taking into account the time of rest or our family situation... In addition, there is confusion in setting decisions and laws that change in the last moments and that send us digitally to implement them, and unfortunately the victims are always teachers and students. .. Frankly, I feel that I am very tired, most of the teachers started showing symptoms of ZOOM FATIGUE due to working long hours on the Internet… I always ask myself and I am sure I am not the only one, but all the teachers with me ask the same questions… Where is my personal life? Where is my rest time??? Who will compensate me for the continuous hours of stress that I feel??? Unfortunately, there are no answers to these questions, and the situation will continue because of the extreme passivity with which we deal with events. There must be an end to this. We must not transgress the hours of rest and official holidays...Unfortunately in our country, people always come in the last, knowing that they must be come in the first...My sincere gratitude to everyone.
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
3 answers
To process data with time, I need to process the data at a nanosecond level. I did not find any helpful discussion on other technical discussion platforms in this regard. If anybody knows how to process nanosecond level data in EXCEL, please help me. Alternatively, you can suggest suitable other platforms if there exists, preferably similar to EXCEL. I appreciate any help you can provide.
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
14 answers
There may be different motives for researchers to participate in RG. It seems that many just want to gain prestige by getting recommended or followed, and others are really interested in sharing new knowledge.
Relevant answer
Answer
You are right Tobias, and I would like to extend my deep gratitude to all those who share their reprints in PDF format with those of us that do not have access to e-journals.
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
6 answers
Is it the novelty of the research idea that matters or the impact factor of the journal in which the research article is published while applying for a post-doc position? Impact factors are regularly updated and keeps changing. How the impact factor truly evaluates the quality of a research article?
Relevant answer
The conditions for accepting a Post Doc. fellow varies across universities.
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
4 answers
Hello, I'm an early career PhD student. When people ask me questions e.g. In conference or lab meeting, even when I know the answer my mind tends to go blank and I say I don't know just to get out of the situation. I used to be good at answering questions and taking time to think and answer , especially during my bachelors degree. As time was gone by I feel I have gotten worse mainly because I am afraid the answer will be ridiculous and made fun of as I have reached a very advanced level where everyone knows what they are talking about. After all these years sometimes I get tired of science in general and have no motivation to read up on my project , so sometimes I genuinely don't know the answers which makes things worse . I used to have a lot of passion which is what put me on this path, but at the moment I'm tired of science which is making it hard to answer peoples questions and i think people are starting to notice. My answers are generally non specific and waffley, and I was wondering if anyone has tips to overcome these problems. I am interested in my project and deep down I love science and wish I could do better and go back to how I used to be and express my answers logically and what is expected at this level. This is especially important for my thesis defense, I need help and tips please on how others process these questions and defend their work. This problem has also started to overflow into my writing where I can't think properly or focus with the overwhelming amount of information.
Relevant answer
Answer
Also to defeat fear, you must program your mind. Mind preparation is a strategy to defeat fear.Tell yourself you can do it. Don't limit yourself, you will be amaze what you can do when you program your mind.
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
38 answers
When the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic expires, what key problems in the development of civilization will become the priority for solving them as soon as possible? What major global problems should be addressed now, apart from the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic? Probably thanks to the efficiently conducted programs of vaccination of citizens against the Coronavirus, the problem of the pandemic should gradually decrease from the middle of this year 2021. Perhaps thanks to the vaccination of the majority of citizens, a high level of social, collective immunity will be achieved. Perhaps in the fall of 2021 the scale of the pandemic will drop to such a low level that no lockouts will be introduced on selected sectors and branches of the economy. When the current health crisis caused by the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic is resolved, what problems in the development of civilization in the 21st century should become the key to solving them as soon as possible? When the pandemic health crisis is resolved, what global problems of humanity and planet Earth in the 21st century should science address? Is the growing risk of the climate crisis, which may appear as early as the end of the 21st century as a result of the continued emission of greenhouse gases, which are the source of the ongoing global warming process, the greatest threat to the biosphere of planet Earth and to humans? Is it crucial to achieve global climate neutrality by 2050? Will the key problems include reducing the level of environmental pollution, improving waste management, improving waste segregation and recycling techniques, reducing the scale of extinction of flora and fauna species, protecting pollinating insects, improving drinking water saving systems, developing renewable energy sources, developing sustainable ecological agriculture , development of electromobility and improvement of technology of engines powered by hydrogen combustion with oxygen using in land, sea and air transport, improvement of systems of protection of forests against fires and agricultural fields against drought and aridosis, protection of forests and green areas against devastation and logging, development of programs afforestation of civilization degraded areas? Can increasing the efficiency of solving global problems be achieved through the use of constantly developed and improved technology of artificial intelligence? Can the solution to some of the global problems of mankind be achieved through the development of space exploration technology? Can the development of biotechnology, genetics, molecular biology solve the serious problems of food shortage and hunger in many countries? In what application areas can the development of nanotechnology, ICT information technology, and Industry 4.0 technology contribute to solving key problems of the development of civilization? The development of what technologies can be helpful in the protection of the climate and the biosphere of planet Earth? How important is the protection of biodiversity of natural ecosystems in the context of solving global problems and the potential significant deterioration of the living conditions of subsequent generations of people? What do you think global issues should be tackled first when the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) pandemic is over? In what areas of economic and scientific development should the financial outlays be increased? What kind of innovative technological solutions should be developed?
What do you think about it? What is your opinion on this topic?
Please reply
Greetings,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
Relevant answer
Answer
Uh oh!, COVID-19 is a "One Thousand and One Nights" story. It seems that we are at the beginning!
This epidemic become a point to chronicle date like the One Thousand and One Nights stories(لقد أصبح هذا الوباء نقطة تأريخ مثل حكايات ألف ليلة وليلة)! Our sons will say at the years of COVID-19 years.
Let me ask the following two questions:
  • Is there a lack of interpretability and transparency related to this virus?
  • Did we reach a state with this pandemic that is hard to control and monitor?
Furthermore, this discussion thread raises other three rational questions:
  • Is COVID-19 one of nature's secretions or it has been fabricated in the laboratories of one or more countries?
  • Are vaccines, especially for COVID-19, one of the "big businesses"?
  • Do you think that the pandemic has its "Cyclical Apparition"?
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
10 answers
In Scopus some citations are missing. How to find the missing citations in Scopus?
Relevant answer
Dear Prof. Dr Santhosh Kumar,
The problem that I usually face that there are some journals that claim on their sites that they are Scopus-indexed while they aren't. On the other hand, other journals hide the facts by saying some tricks like Scopus (2020) or Scopus (2013).
For instance, one of the journals says at its main portal that it is indexed in Scopus. But I don't find it on the Scopus list. I have written many emails to them, they always ignoring me!
The attached file is an Excel sheet that contains the last updated list. You can download the last version anytime by click on "Scopus source list" from the Scopus portal: https://www.scopus.com
For more information, kindly check the links below:
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
13 answers
"THIS IS AN ABSOLUTELY SCIENTIFIC QUESTION"
A proposal that has been debated and has gained momentum for application is use of small nuclear fission reactors (battery) of up to 10MW (microreactors).
What is your scientific opinion on this topic?
VERY IMPORTANT: Participate only if you are original, be yourself give your opinion, do not put links or texts from "Genio Google" or things found out there on the web! No one has any interest in stupid web answers, if that's the case, please be so kind as to ignore this debate!
SOURCE LINKS:
Relevant answer
Answer
In my opinion, this is one of the technologies of the future. If such solutions, i.e. portable nuclear fission reactors (battery microreactors) could be developed, refined and implemented for mass production, it could revolutionize the energy sector. This may be one of the important factors in creating innovative, pro-ecological solutions as part of the future pro-environmental transformation of the energy sector.
Regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
17 answers
Several journals have limitations for article length and number of references. I would like to know if it’s acceptable to add some of the references as supplementary material, if I can’t totally omit them?
Relevant answer
Answer
In any case, it will depend on the "Publication Norms" of the Journal in question and the "benevolence" of its Publication Committee ... if the Original has been accepted by its Scientific Committee, after the pertinent revision by the reviewers "ad hoc"; However, I advise adhering to the "Publication Rules" of each Journal, because for something they are done and promulgated
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
16 answers
A few weeks ago, I received an invitation to be a peer reviewer of a Spanish journal in category Q1. This is owned by a commercial academic publisher and charges the authors 835€ for publishing, adducing that this is the cost of translation and layout of the article. My response to the invitation was my rate fee proposal for this type of assignment.
This experience motivated the writing of this article, a reflection on receiving payment for peer review work in journals that charge authors with APC costs or charge readers for downloading.
The discussion is served.
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
10 answers
I have written a research paper and I am not affiliated to any organisation or institution right now, how can I check my paper for plagiarism and quality?
I am publishing for the first time and do not know much about it.
Looking forward to advise related to publishing a paper for the first time.
Relevant answer
Dear RG colleagues,
I may be somewhat old-fashioned, but please have the following golden rules on how to avoid Plagiarism:
  1. Use your own words instead of copying the words of others.
  2. If you have co-authors, just trust your words.
  3. If you use your own words, then there is no need for the free tools of plagiarism. Since there is no guarantee that the original content of your manuscript might not be copied and sold to others before it is published by you, I discourage using any free-software checkers for plagiarism; some of them are betrayers. Despite that offline ones are rare and if you are insisting to use anti-plagiarism software, offline checker programs are safer than online ones.
  4. In some cases, you can paraphrase the sentences in the original document. But don't forget to write a reference.
  5. You must always insist on honesty.
  6. You must always insist on doing real research, not "Wikipedia" research.
  7. Do not put any of your research work anywhere until it is published and tagged with your name. Please wait until the paper is accepted and then published by that journal. Then, upload that research item on any platform you wish.
Finally, believe me or not: If you make one plagiarizing, you may solve one problem and fall into many others where some of them may be described as a knockout. Again and again, please always remember that if there were accusations of plagiarism, it is not well for any researcher's reputation, in any meaning.
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
5 answers
What happens if we upload the preprint of our work shortly after submitting the manuscript to the journal?  Does our manuscript get plagiarised owing to matching contents with our own preprint? Or the Editor will consider it? I am extremely curious to know what occurs next if such happens. If so, the correct time to post a preprint is soon after the acceptance of the manuscript, right?
Relevant answer
Answer
Yes I agree with Dr Al Timimi
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
15 answers
I wonder if submitting in a special issue is better than submitting in a regular issue.
Relevant answer
Answer
In a special issue, materials are either united by a single idea, or timed to coincide with an important date, etc. On this basis, the readership will be special, perhaps more expert.
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
9 answers
As we know MSG is widely used food additive and acts as a flavour enhancer. It is also approved by USFDA as GRAS! But some controversy are there regarding clinical reports where the physiological illness was shown after consuming MSG. So, is MSG good or bad for health? Are there any research related conclusions?
Thanks & Regards
Asik Ikbal
Relevant answer
Answer
Studies providing the evidence of MSG toxic effects have raised the increasing interest in MSG intake as flavor enhancer. Neurotoxic effects in brain, obesity and metabolic defects, „Chinese restaurant syndrome“ and detrimental effects on sex organs are the most discussed in the connection with MSG intake. http://ibimapublishing.com/articles/JMED/2013/608765/
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
11 answers
Recently, I have written a research article. I want to produce preprint of it. I found various platforms for creating preprints of articles, including arXiv and Researchsquare. Personally, which platform do you prefer?
Relevant answer
I have a different perspective for uploading any preprint anywhere before it has been published anywhere. Why you let others know about your insights and methodologies before publication?You may say that I am somewhat old-fashioned, but I have a different perspective for uploading any preprint anywhere before it has been published by your name. So, my advice is to not put your research anywhere until it is published.
  • Your manuscript may be copied and then published by others before you can do that. This stealing of your paper might be happening. You must wait until the paper is accepted and then published by that journal. Then, upload that research item on any platform you wish.
  • You should avoid telling the other researchers about the details of anyone of your papers until it has been published and seeing your name by yourself.
  • A journal may have automated plagiarism software to check the paper before admitting it to the reviewing process. There are chances that your paper can get a rejection at any point. Thus, to avoid this problem. Publish the preprint after you got ACCEPTED.
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
13 answers
Hello friends, my article has been published in AIJRPreprint online and it is also available on Google Scholar. Would it be count as a publication in my CV?
Thanks
Relevant answer
Why you let others know about your insights and methodologies before publication? It is a security issue; the original content of your manuscript may be copied and published by others before you can do that. My advice is not to upload any research anywhere until it has been published with your name.
The term “plagiarism” has different meanings, but it usually includes copying somebody else’s work without permission. It occurs when a writer uses, intentional or unintentional, someone else’s language, ideas, or material without acknowledging its source.
Since there is a chance the someone may plagiarism your papers after you have uploaded any preprint on any portal, please take the following advice from me:
  • For the coming future, do not upload any paper anywhere until it is published with your name. Even if it is a "preprint"!
  • If you had done something like that as a "preprint", for instance, I advise you to delete the preprint and wait for two months before sending the paper to any journal.
This is because:
  • There is a high chance that someone may claim your valuable thoughts as theirs.
  • There is also a chance the someone may plagiarise your paper.
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
9 answers
Results from qualitative studies cannot be generalized. Therefore, is it possible to propose a social practice model based on the findings that cannot be generalized? I see some published articles and thesis that present models as a result of qualitative research. I will be glad if you help, thanks in advance :))
Relevant answer
Answer
According to qualitative paradigm, grounded theory is used to build a theory from a very big material such as more than 40 interviews for example. That's the purpose of inductive reasoning. Then, as Mohamed Salaheldeen said, you may test it by adopting a "deductive" method, namely building quantitative designs.
You certainly will find more details here :
Green J, Thorogood N. Qualitative Methods for Health Research. 2e éd. Londres: SAGE Publications Ltd; 2009. 304 p. (Introducing Qualitative Methods Series).
Regards,
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
16 answers
Hello RG people, I'm studying Marketing and I am looking for an interesting title for my Postgraduate research. Any specific ideas in mind? And in which sector of business will be best to focus on?
Relevant answer
Answer
I think the following topics are very contemporary and are interesting too.
You may select any one of these to relate with any of your chosen sectors or industry.
1) artificial intelligence, 2) search engine optimization, 3) social media marketing, 4) neuromarketing, and 5) marketing analytics.
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
27 answers
This may sound like a chicken and egg problem as new questions are usually based on previous answers. In my understanding, nowadays that many answers could be found via simple googling, asking (novel and good) questions are more important as they could hardly be generated by artificial intelligence. On the other hand, providing useful answers to such questions is challenging as well. What is your opinion?
Relevant answer
Answer
A challenging Q / A can lead to an interesting A / Q in response.
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
104 answers
Knowledge is what distinguishes human species from others, but how we use this knowledge depends only on man. Man can use his intelligence and knowledge wisely, ie according to the innate need for self-preservation instinct and survival of the human species in changing environmental conditions, including the ongoing global warming process. But he also may not use his knowledge and intelligence for this purpose.
However, one should think positively that the previous generations, previous cultures, previous ancestors in the process of evolution and the process of development of cultures, development of civilization and finally development of technology have created modern man as being equipped with intelligence, self-awareness, knowledge, technology, i.e. unique instruments, thanks which man became a dominant species on Earth. But will it always be the dominant species on Earth? This question remains open. It will be settled in the future.
Knowledge, huge resources of knowledge and various possibilities of its use is what only one species has on Earth. Knowledge gives people a lot of potential to complete the next stages of technological and civilization development. However, if this knowledge allows to forecast new categories of natural, climatic and civilizational phenomena and to secure adequately against appearing threats, to use it as a development opportunity, time will show.
The following question may be added to these considerations: Will dinosaurs survive the global cataclysm caused by the impact of a large meteor on Earth, whether they survive global warming, drought, limited food resources and areas suitable for existence, if they knew when, where and in what form this cataclysm would occur? ? If dinosaurs survive this or still on Earth until now they would dominate as known dinosaurs or would a new species of intelligent post-dinosaurs be created? These questions will remain open due to incomplete knowledge in this topic.
If the knowledge in this matter would be supplemented in the future, will it change anything about the possibility of adapting people to such cataclysms that have destroyed dinosaurs? Not necessarily. Dinosaurs could only know what they could know, having a much more limited awareness of natural and cosmic phenomena. Dinosaurs could know very little about what a person knows, but they did not have the awareness of lack of knowledge and the need to increase knowledge resources through the development of scientific research. Man is probably the first species who, thanks to his intelligence and built knowledge, also has an awareness of the potential lack of knowledge. Man has this knowledge, is equipped with specific instruments for conducting scientific research and the possibilities of expanding knowledge resources. Man already possesses this knowledge, but will this knowledge prove to be helpful in surviving future cataclysms, their outpacing and securing them against them? The answer to this question will appear in the future and it is not yet decided. So the development of knowledge and what is being discovered, created with the help of knowledge, intelligence and creativity, should also be carried out wisely. Wisely, ie according to the need for self-preservation instinct, with the need to survive the human species.
This need should take into account the necessity to implement sustainable ecological development in the development of civilization, protect the natural environment, care for biodiversity in the natural biological ecosystems, individual species of flora and fauna, genomic composition in gene banks of endangered species of flora and fauna, that is, preservation of knowledge about biodiversity , natural resources of weeds created by nature. This we know thanks to our intelligence, self-awareness and civilization-generated knowledge. But we also know something more. We know that humans are probably the first species that, thanks to their intelligence and built knowledge, also has the awareness of the potential lack of specific categories of knowledge.
There are many questions that we do not know the answer to. It is also part of your knowledge or these questions on the government are unanswered from this knowledge. These questions would not exist if there was no intelligence, knowledge and built culture, civilization, technology, etc. Man has this knowledge, is equipped with specific instruments for conducting scientific research and the possibilities of expanding knowledge resources. Which questions will we get in the future thanks to our scientific research, will these be satisfactory answers for us? One thing is certain, the resources of knowledge will increase. But how we use this knowledge depends only on us.
Do you agree with me on the above matter?
In the context of the above issues, I am asking you the following question:
Is knowledge something that distinguishes the human species on Earth?
Please reply
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
Best wishes
Relevant answer
Answer
Yes.
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
14 answers
Are research and development programs for research centers cooperating with enterprises and other entities in clusters in order to activate entrepreneurship and innovation of business entities in your countries?
In recent years, cooperation programs for research and R & D centers with enterprises have been developed in some countries to activate entrepreneurship and innovation of business entities.
Because in developed countries information, innovations, new technologies and entrepreneurship are considered as one of the most important factors of the country's economic development and, as a consequence, also economic growth measured, for example, by the Gross Domestic Product in subsequent years.
In addition, research and research and implementation works are conducted in these themes, which further underline the high level of significance of innovation, new technologies and entrepreneurship in contemporary national economies.
Clusters are created within which enterprises undertake cooperation with other business entities, with scientific, research and implementation centers, universities, public sector institutions to exchange experiences, transfer knowledge, run and develop joint research and implementation projects, including innovative technological and process solutions, research, organizational and other.
In connection with the above, I am asking you the following question: Are research and development programs of research centers with enterprises and other entities in clusters conducted in your countries aimed at activating entrepreneurship and innovation of business entities?
Please, answer, comments. I invite you to the discussion.
Relevant answer
Answer
Thanks for the answer. Yes, you pointed to the important issues of activating entrepreneurship and innovation of students within the developed academic business incubators that cooperate with various economic entities and public institutions. Thanks for the links provided to websites, where you can find publications on the issues discussed in this discussion, including startup programs, spinoffs, business incubators, innovation laboratories, student internship programs developed at universities cooperating with enterprises and other entities.
Thank you, Best wishes,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
27 answers
Dear Colleagues!
I hope you are all doing well. I have a question to all of you. I love to teach and so far I have been teaching everything from international business, marketing, management to organisational psychology. I feel ambivalent towards this however.I love to teach and Im curious in my nature and what better way to learn new things than to teach? However I also feel that if I continue being a generalist It might also be bad since I risk loosing touch with my main specialisation.
What are your thoughts? Your experiences?
My speciality is this :
Best wishes Henrik and professor Hugo 3 months old who keeps me company when Im trying to work :-)
Ps stay safe.
Relevant answer
Answer
Teaching one subject is more scientific and it will give you more academic background.
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
9 answers
Hello everyone. Can someone please tell me, is there any database of research projects from where I may get details of various ongoing or completed projects?
Thank you very much!
Relevant answer
Answer
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
2 answers
I'm using Turnitin Premium, and I'm having trouble with the filtering and settings. I've removed the quotes and bibliography, but how many words should be omitted from excluding sources that are less than...... words to acquire true plagiarised content? Because it can sometimes pick up on two-word scientific words like "Calibration Method," "Air Pollution," and so on. Based on your experience, what values should we set?
Relevant answer
It also depends on your university policies, but Nirmala answer is correct. I use 20% similarity with phrases more than 10 words
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
4 answers
What are some good and free scopus indexed journals in the field of human computer interaction?
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
5 answers
Please guide me by giving answer of this question. Thanks in advance.
Relevant answer
Answer
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
34 answers
Some journals give reviewers 60 days, others give 40 days, 30 days, or 20 days to review a paper. MDPI journals give only 10 days, but it can be extended if the reviewer needs more time. In my opinion, 10 days might be too short, but 60 days is excessive. Allowing 60 days for a peer review is adding to the response time unnecessarily, and disadvantaging the authors. I can thoroughly review a paper in a day (if I dedicate myself to it), or two at most. A reviewer should only accept a review request if they are not too busy to do it in the next 10 to 20 days. I have encountered situations in which a reviewer agrees to the review, but does not submit the review at the end of 60 days, wasting those valuable 60 days from the author. What do you think the allowed time for reviewers should be?
Relevant answer
Answer
Depends on J. to J. In general four weaks to six months . The time is specified in Instruction of authors .
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
8 answers
Whenever we start a new research we need first to do literature review in order to both get acquainted with the context and the concepts related to our research and also to situate our research within the existing knowledge.
  • The problem is that in order to find relevant literature you need to express what you are looking for into meaningful search terms and the more efficient and robust you make your "search string" (aka the keywords you use) the better you will express your information need and find relevant reference. E.g. If someone is looking for "text classification for categorising books" is better to word it as "book genre identification".
Do you got any techniques that you developed through the years on how do find the perfect wording for your initial literature search? Myself, for example, I try to find first an initial paper that is relevant and the browse through its cited papers to see if there is any paper that describes in their title in a better way what I am looking for.
Relevant answer
Answer
Thank for this
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
11 answers
Dear All,
I have noticed that there are a few companies, which are selling awards for research scholars and professors. For example, I often receive such emails (mentioned below) from different companies. What is your opinion on this?
"Dear Sir/Madam ... No fee for submitting your nomination. If selected by our review committee then you will be considered as a Premium Member of InSc with many technical benefits to which you have to register by paying a package amount of Rs.5000/- which includes 18% GST & postal charges within India. For foreign countries, registration fee is 100USD which also includes postal charges. Benefits are mentioned below: 1.Hard copy of the certificate with respective Award Title and Brass plated Memento will be given where awardee name and work details will be mentioned. 2. Life time valid  InSc Professional Membership which is worth of Rs.1500/- will be given. Id card and certificate will be issued for the same.For more details and benefits visit www.insc.in/membership 3.He/She will be considered as reviewer for our InSc Journals and certificate will be issued for the same. For more details on InSc Journals log on to www.insc.in/journals 4. Registered participants details along with photo will be published in the InSc Year book which will be circulated among more than 15,000 subscribers and soft copy of the year book will be given. 5.His/Her details will be displayed in our awards department page www.insc.in/awards which has page views in thousands. 6. He/She may be invited as a session chair / resource person for InSc events in his/her area of expertise 7. Support  for Book Publication with ISBN. For more details visit www.insc.in/iph 8. Support for publication in Scopus, UGC, SCI listed Journals 9. Free plagiarism checking service. 10. Platform to interact with research experts at INSC Conferences www.insc.in/conferences 11. 10% Reduction in fee of INSC events like International conferences, Seminars and workshops. 12. InSc Professional Member will get free access to all the InSc papers available in InSc Digital Library of Research Papers (DLRP) www.insc.in/dlrp 13. There will be a region wise Coordinator and Chief Coordinator for InSc members based on their involvement and support to INSC technical operations. 14.  Adds points to your API score as per NAAC and UGC API Score criterias. For more details visit www.insc.in/awards"
Thanks in advance.
Regards,
Devi Prasad
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Devi, this question is certainly of general interest to many RG members. personally I would not see this offer to buy a certificate under the aspect of ethics. It's just a business model of fake / predatory companies who try to take off money from naive scientists. I agree with David Eugene Booth in that this practice reminds one of the popular Who is Who volumes. They first offer some sort of free membership, but then they try to sell expensive books, plaques and certificates. My personal advice would be to completely stay away from such mafia-like offers and invitations. Beautiful certificates issued by fake companies are of absolutely no help in your career. Potential employers and university officials will only laugh at them.
With best wishes, Frank Edelmann
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
4 answers
There is a certain journal in my field, for which the first feedback is at least 8 months after submission. This is based on a number of anecdotal evidence, not just one. Even then, the feedback is scant and based only on a single very short and inaccurate review report. This journal is known as a respectable journal in the field, with a high impact factor as well. It is just not unfair, considering that the reviewer and the associate editor only took at most an hour to write their reviews (this is clear when you read the reports) despite the 8 month long review period, but also unprofessional and bad for the journal. If they keep doing this, they will deter people from submitting their work there, ultimately lowering the quality. What are your experiences with long review times?
Relevant answer
Answer
The long review times can be very frustrating. What one can do is to monitor your submission, if by 6 weeks there is no indication of a reviewer, one can withdraw and send to another journal. But it is always good to check the review process of journals by checking articles that have been publish in the journal and the journal speciification before submitting a paper to a journal.
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
3 answers
Scientific articles published in esteemed newspapers hold many informations that can be of great value which often includes biodiversity documentation, sporadic incidents, demographic data and many more that are seldom being cited and eventually consign to oblivion.
Do you think that these datas, only those that are relevant and authentic, should be cited and a proper archive and citation protocol should be constituted.
Relevant answer
Answer
This is tricky.
On the one hand, if it is truly the only source and the author is a known reputable source, I would have zero problem with that, particularly in something that you need to see its changes in a rapid manner.
On the other hand, most journalists have a source for their data (if they are good journalists). I would reach out to them to see if they could point to the source of the data in their newspaper article (and then cite that). You might acknowledge the journalist in that case. If it has no source, that likely would induce some skepticism for me, or it would be that they did an investigation. In the case they did their own investigation, I might cite that as motivation for a study or a direction for future work, but don't think I would put that in anything regarding a method.
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
9 answers
During the research process in computer sciences, we need a set of tools such as:
- IDE for algorithms coding
- LaTex editor for writing papers
- Statistical toolkit for experiments
- Some CAD tools for design
From your point of view, which tools should I use for research in computer sciences? Could you please, provide examples of these tools?
Best regards.
Relevant answer
Answer
  1. Version control tools: Git is perfect.
  2. Text editor: Latex with TeXstudio is fair.
  3. IDE: If you are coding in Python and R, Anaconda package has full-scale IDEs like Spyder and RStudio.
  4. Reporting tools: Jupyter Notebook.
  5. Graphics editor: Open source tools like GIMP and Inkscape.
  6. Hardware: Respectively, CPU, Memory and in some cases Graphic Card are more important.
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
44 answers
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Dr. Filipe Wiltgen , Thank you for this brilliant scientific & technical question.
I think there is one impediment. It is about radiation.
Also, I believe the technology is already there, and some countries have made enough progress on incorporating this technology in their war machinery (as pointed out by Dr. P. Contreras )
Apart from this, I dream, one day I would be driving my bike or car that runs on nuclear fuel.
Best wishes and regards
Yoganandan
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
6 answers
Choosing a journal for the publication of research articles is becoming increasingly difficult and a source of concern. Most often, the researcher struggles to determine the article's weight and is rejected. So, how should we go about choosing a journal? Do you have any suggestions that you find useful? I'd be extremely grateful.
Relevant answer
Answer
Yes, that's right, choosing a journal for a research paper is not an easy matter. Journals with a high level of recognition in the scientific world and included in the Scopus and / or Web of Science lists usually require high fees for publishing an article. Journals that do not require fees, have simplified editorial procedures, are usually much less known, and articles published in these journals are less frequently cited. But there are journals that do not require a fee to publish an article, and the articles included in these journals are also posted on many different indexing databases of articles, journals and research papers when published. In this situation, the possibility of citation and recognition of the published article also increases. This is particularly important when the entire text of the published article is posted in the OA formula in various indexing databases of articles, journals and research papers and on various internet research portals.
Below I propose good scientific journals published every six months (semi-annuals), which, after publishing their articles, place all articles in many databases of indexing scientific publications in the open access formula. Articles for publication are accepted free of charge and are also published free of charge. You can publish for free in these magazines. Articles published in these journals are entered in many indexing databases of scientific journals. These magazines are published electronically in PDF and also in printed version.
Below are the websites of three scientific journals that meet these criteria:
- "International Journal of Innovation in Social Sciences and Engineering" (ISSN 2543-7089):
Social sciences, various humanities and exact sciences, also taking into account social, sociological, economic and other aspects:
- "International Journal of Legal Studies" (ISSN 2543-7097):
Legal sciences, normative aspects of various issues, various issues described in normative terms:
- "International Journal of Innovation in Social Sciences and Engineering" (ISSN 2543-7089):
Humanities and exact sciences, various fields of science, various types of issues including new technologies, various fields of innovation applications, determinants of innovation development, etc.
Have a nice day, Stay healthy! Best wishes,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
10 answers
What kind of scientific research dominate in the field of Behavioral economics?
Please, provide your suggestions for a question, problem or research thesis in the issues: Behavioral economics.
Please reply.
I invite you to the discussion
Best wishes
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Waqas Ali,
Thank you for the link to the scientific publication on the subject: behavioral economics.
Greetings, Have a nice day,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
12 answers
Hai. As a young researcher, I still lack knowledge on how can I recognize or identify that the conference proceedings paper that I find from any source is a good paper to refer to for my research. Based on other people's opinions, just look at the location of the conference. Does anyone have tips or opinion on it? Thank you so much.
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Mohamad, you asked "But I found some of the conference proceedings papers through WoS. How about this situation?" My personal suggestion would be to generally stay away form citing any conference proceedings, even if the are listed on the Web of Science and in other databases. Conference lectures and procedures normally differ from regular research papers in reputable journals in that they are not peer-reviewed. At conferences, researchers can talk about speculative and unproven results without any verification by reviewers. Thus you are always on the safe side when you cite only articles published in regular peer-reviewed journals. With best wishes, Frank Edelmann
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
18 answers
It is a big turn-down when your article gets rejected for the wrong reasons. Have you ever felt that the reviewers have not read your paper properly before writing their comments? What to do when you get back your manuscript with some sloppy comments?
Relevant answer
Answer
No, but you can choose other journal if rhis happened
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
5 answers
I plan to post a research pre-print in arXiv.org of a paper that I already submitted for publication in a journal.
If the pre-print gets cited, I wonder if the citations can be attributed to its corresponding journal article once it gets published.
I hope those with experience on this can provide some insights below.
Relevant answer
No, I mean submission of an article. Thank you for the clarification. Arxiv may allow, butit may depend on the journal for publishing
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
19 answers
Whenever researchers start with evidence-based reviews, whether they are scoping, rapid reviews, systematic reviews, or even current form of narrative reviews, they face problems at every steps which require assistance from people who have already been doing these kind of reviews. These problems can range from topic selection, to team formation to database search to registration and many more. Here I would like to initiate a discussion to identify the problems
faced by each and every researcher who is either planning to start or is currently doing reviews and welcome views to look for solutions for these problems with a collective approach.
Relevant answer
Answer
Few issues I face.
1. Some articles are not open access
2. Variable key words make difficult to access few articles
3. Statistical tests on basis of heterogeneity and risk of bias to apply if we plan a meta analysis
4. How to calculate risk of bias in above
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
2 answers
I've just received invitation to create user account in SciHorizon (scihorizon.com). I created my account and it's looked very much like ORCiD with connect to other researchers function and give me RID number as identifier. I try to search another researchers but can't find anyone yet. Does anybody have some account there? Is this account is worthy to maintain?
Relevant answer
Answer
No not like Orchid . Since Orchid is widely accepted as an universal researer ID with facilities of crossref / datacite DOI . SciHorozon may be additionaly used (https://www.scihorizon.com/ ) that's all .
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
153 answers
What kind of scientific research dominate in the field of Proecological sustainable economic development implemented according to the concept of the new green economy?
Please, provide your suggestions for a question, problem or research thesis in the issues: Proecological sustainable economic development implemented according to the concept of the new green economy.
Please reply. I invite you to the discussion
Best wishes
Relevant answer
Answer
In the context of the subject of this discussion, I propose the following research topic: Analysis of the impact of the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic on a change in the scale of implementation of the goals of sustainable development, pro-ecological transformation of the economy, systems and instruments of nature protection.
Greetings,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
4 answers
For my MSC in Occupational Psychology, I am currently working on my dissertation which is about whether workload has an effect on the relationship between work engagement and career commitment. I have started data collection yesterday and with my deadline nearly a month away, I need more participants asap. So if anyone is interested in doing this study, you just need to complete an online questionnaire which will not take longer than 20 minutes.
This is the link to the questionnaire if anyone is interested: https://goldpsych.eu.qualtrics.com/jfe/form/SV_1MQcoQGIzNikoyF
Also, if you can share my questionnaire link to any of your friends, colleagues or family members who you think may be interested in doing this study, then that would be much appreciated as the more participants I have, then the more easier things will be for me.
Thank you!
Relevant answer
Answer
Interested
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
59 answers
"THIS IS AN ABSOLUTELY SCIENTIFIC QUESTION"
Planets considered habitable by researchers are located in a region relatively far from the star only so that water is in liquid form. However, it can't be too far away to freeze water. That's how we've been doing research to look for life and habitable planets.
However, could it be that this is not absolutely true?
Extremophiles here on Earth find ways to survive in unimaginable places.
Tell us your original opinion, without the "Google Genius" or other people's opinions, just be yourself!
Relevant answer
Answer
In fact, when searching for life in other planets, scientists follow the principle (follow the water), in order to reduce and limit the search process, not necessarily liquid surface water, but even the water in the ground because even the water under the surface of the earth can contain life, and indeed, because not only higher or sophisticated organisms need it, but even microorganisms, in our study there is what is called the water activity. Every microorganism needs this percentage when it is less than that, it cannot continue its life activities... So in order to be water exists, there must be an atmosphere that pushes it to the surface, as well as there is sufficient heat in the interior of the planet to keep water liquid underground. In addition, the existence of life is also related to the distance of the planet from the sun. In our solar system, the possibility of life was limited to an earlier time only on Mars because of the evidence of the presence of liquid water on its surface for long periods, and there may also be water under the surface due to its volcanic activity... In fact, research and studies are still ongoing to determine the harshest conditions in which a living creature can live in space, So scientists send water bears and they are the toughest creatures in terms of endurance on earth to explore that... On the other hand, what the creatures on the surface of the earth need may be different from others, this is very possible, because the organisms usually adapt to their surroundings and this is what we find with the microorganisms there whoever kills them is salt, and there are organisms that halophiles, the same is true of acid and heat, even there are organisms that live in volcanoes, did we ask ourselves why?? (my supervisor always said in the sense that they agreed to live in a very harsh atmosphere in order not to die). So from this, we conclude that it is possible to find forms of life in the harshest conditions in which we cannot expect them to exist... My sincere gratitude to everyone.
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
43 answers
"THIS IS AN ABSOLUTELY SCIENTIFIC QUESTION"
I personally have two strategies, I give lectures aimed at Children and Young people and I make these lectures available (presentations) for other people to use in other places in world, translating into their own languages, trying to use more images than text.
Tell us what your strategies are, share with RG so that we can have more researchers and that Childrens and Youth people can see that it is a "nice" option to be a researcher and contribute to the development of humanity!
Source links of my documents, there are 7 (seven) documents (Childrens and Young People) within section called Presentations. Hope they can be helpful.
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Dr. Filipe Wiltgen ,
I probably haven't expressed my thoughts well.
The presentations are excellent but can also be accompanied by a video on a certain topic and by chemical / physical practical exercises that must be simple, spectacular and not dangerous but able to arouse the attention and curiosity of the audience on that topic. what it is ... for example, turning copper into silver and silver into gold has always been a dream ...
In this experiment, students will modify the surface of the one, two and five euro cent coins that are made of copper, through a series of chemical reactions. The reactions that will take place on the surface will lead to a change in color.
The color variation, a macroscopic modification, will be related to the microscopic modifications of the composition and structure of the materials that are formed, as well as to their final use.
In all this the researcher, if he knows how to transform himself into an alchemist, can achieve good success ...
My best regards, Pierluigi Traverso.
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
15 answers
What do you know about personal Google knowledge panel? What are the benefits of the the knowledge panel for a researcher? Do you have one?
Relevant answer
Answer
It is an automatic process.
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
6 answers
[Courtesy: Medscape]
This is a systemic failure on many levels- who all are culpable?
Is this practice continuing, on a more subtle basis?
Who supervises the supervisors?
Should non-medical people oversee the administration of Ethics Boards?
Relevant answer
Unfortunately, we know that there are abuses of human rights. I always remember the movie The Constant Gardener (2005), by the Brazilian director Fernando Meirelles, based on a novel by John Le Carré, about the abuses of the pharmaceutical industry, with drug tests on human beings in Kenya, carried out under the pretext of preventing the spread of AIDS.
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
6 answers
People define Ethics as the moral principles that guide the personal behaviour.
In research and academia, the American Psychological Association defined five principles, these are:
1. Discuss intellectual property frankly.
2. Be conscious of multiple roles.
3. Follow informed-consent rules.
4. Respect confidentiality and privacy.
5. Tap into ethics resources.
This subject needs discussion and explanation. Experts are welcome to comment.
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
3 answers
Please advise good books/articles/videos I can read to learn about neural networks (CNN) from basics and how to use it for text classification, along with python code explanation.
Relevant answer
Answer
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
16 answers
Why are there still people in the 21st century who in some countries do not accept the prevailing knowledge confirmed by scientific research who believe that the Earth is not round is only flat or that the Earth is the center of the Solar System, not the Sun or negating the process the evolution of the origin of various life forms on Earth, etc.?
In my opinion, it is not a question of faith but a lack of knowledge confirmed by scientific research. It is strange, however, that in the 21st century, in the face of the facts widely confirmed in the media, confirmed in many aspects scientifically, on the basis of experiments carried out, space expeditions are still people who ignore this widely available knowledge in the media and create their unjustified theories.
No wonder that even a few centuries ago and before, i.e. in a situation of widespread illiteracy and lack of universal access to knowledge and information, in the absence of media it was easy to maintain, promote anachronistic and illogical theories to implement a specific information policy for the needs of maintaining absolute power, which one of the attributes was access to knowledge and information deliberately restricted for a large part of society, and in some epochs, such as, for example, in the Middle Ages, deliberately limited research possibilities and deliberately placed barriers to the development of science. In such realities, totalitarianisms are easily formed and it is easy to carry out indoctrination of the society by propagating even illogical, unjustified ideologies that are not supported by any scientific research.
Therefore, nowadays access to knowledge and results of scientific research should be universal and unlimited. A large positive role in this matter is played by the Internet and Internet portals such as the Research Gate portal.
Do you agree with my opinion on this matter?
In view of the above, I am asking you the following question:
How has the significance of scientific knowledge changed over the centuries from the point of view of the present day?
Please reply
I invite you to the discussion
Best wishes
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Fatema Miah,
Thank you very much for your answer regarding various aspects and determinants of the development of science.
Thank you, Best regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
8 answers
I think this discussion would help a lot of people if you could share your finding and experiences:
According to the different options that a PhD student can have like Fellowship, Internship, Studentship, traineeship and about different positions that can catch like being a researcher at academic place or industry or work, what do you think a PhD student especially in the field of AI must follow during his/her PhD years of studying which could give him/her good experience and position for the future? what do you consider to choose a PhD student or postdoctoral for your positions? should a PhD student just focus on his/her research or do more research in other field as well? what would be the best plan for different years of doing PhD? please share your experiences about the different options and plans which a PhD student can catch and then continue it after that to have a good potential and use time efficiently.
Relevant answer
Answer
Thanks for your note.
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
5 answers
Recently, citizen science projects take a big part of the scientific community all around the World. Thus, non-scientists can meaningfully contribute to scientific research. Is it a good thing?
Relevant answer
Answer
The term Citizen Science is an arrogantly dismissive label assigned to non academics by academics. There are many non academic people doing very good science as an adjunct to their careers. The work should be treated as any other science, reviewed and utilized based on it's process and merits rather than the author's affiliation.
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
5 answers
Hi there,
I'm a professional software developer and I'm doing my MSc in Disaster Management. I have to do some research related work for my MSc but unfortunately I'm not much of a research guy. But I can do magic with code and I'd like to build a software for my MSc project. I'm not even sure if this is the right place to ask this question.
Now I need help from you if there is any tool/software you think could help you.
For example:
  • maybe you do some mathematical calculation/graph using some software manually, but you could use a software where you could do that automatically.
  • You need a tool that has a huge price on it, but you could use a free/opensource software for it.
  • You have some equations to solve, but manually doing them will take hours if not days. You could use a software that takes your data, do some magic and you get the result you want.
I hope you get the idea. I've talked one of my friend who is a research geek and he told me it could be a nice project for me, he's trying to help me but I could use help from you guys. I'd appreciate if you could provide me equations/formula, sample input and output. Or point me the name of equation/task so I can do some google and find it myself.
Thanks for your time.
Relevant answer
Answer
Hello,
You can formulate software like Tosmana or fsQCA that will generate truth tables, logical minimisation and provide options for other statistical analyses. Since QCA is a rising methodology, you might have better scope in developing new software with more advanced statistical calculations or introducing ML predictive algorithm (up to you). To know more about QCA:
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
19 answers
Looking for different perspectives from research community
Relevant answer
Answer
yes if it is peer review by other person.
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
5 answers
Also what are the different efficient DOE and Analysis methods w.r.to machining operation with a specially sintered tool?
Relevant answer
Answer
This link maybe useful for you for downloading design expert(DX8.0.6) and miniTab 18.1 with crack for longer use
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
3 answers
These days, many persons/agents are offering paid authorship for research papers and patents (IPR, Australia, and US Patents) through social media and networking sites.
Is there any importance of such type of paid authorship in the career of a researcher or academician?
Relevant answer
Answer
Don't do it!
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
26 answers
The question of the accuracy of prognostic research carried out on the basis of an analysis of the sentiment of verifying the comments of Internet users archived in Big Data systems?
Currently, many research centers use sentiment analysis by examining the content of comments, posts and news of thousands or millions of users of social media portals and other websites. The sentiment analysis is carried out on large collections of information collected from the deliberately selected many websites and stored in Big Data database systems. This analysis is carried out periodically at specific time intervals to diagnose changes in the main trends of general social awareness, including opinions on specific topics in society. This analysis may also refer to the diagnosis of dominant political sympathies, specific political views and opinions on selected political topics. This analysis is also used to examine the public support at a given time for specific politicians, candidates in the presidential elections or parliamentary elections. If this type of sentiment analysis is carried out directly by presidential or parliamentary elections, then it can be treated as an additional research instrument of a prognostic nature. There were results obtained from this type of prognostic analyzes characterized by a high level of accuracy of prognostic research.
In view of the above, the current question is: The question of the accuracy of prognostic research carried out on the basis of an analysis of the sentiment of verifying the comments of Internet users archived in Big Data systems?
Please, answer, comments. I invite you to the discussion.
Relevant answer
Answer
In the context of the above-mentioned issues of the possibility of using Big Data Analytics in terms of forecasting future trends for complex processes, the following research question arises: Are the analytical centers developing forecasts of future trends in the development of subsequent waves of the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic, possible scenarios of the next health crisis in the situation of the emergence of a new variant of the Coronavirus resistant to current vaccines, possible economic impact, etc. are already using sentiment analysis carried out on large data sets downloaded from various websites and processing this data on Big Data Analytics analytical and database platforms?
Best wishes,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
4 answers
What are some of the international/national travel grants that are available for Master's (M.Tech) students to present research in conferences/seminars/workshops/symposiums. Any suggestions regarding this will be greatly appreciated.
Thank You in advance.
Relevant answer
Answer
ICSSR,DST
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
1 answer
Hello,
I am new to REDCap and I was wondering if anyone knows how to convert a numeric date format (e.g. 05-27-2021) to a human-readable format (e.g. May 27th, 2021). Would this be possible in REDCap? If so, can it be done using action tags? I am currently using piping to add the date from one instrument into the survey instructions of another instrument and I would like the date in the survey instructions to show up in human-readable format (e.g. May 27th, 2021).
Thank you very much.
Relevant answer
Answer
See the attached paper
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
39 answers
Q1. How can I prepare such a table which is attached below?
Q2: Which analysis should I do for this? 
I will try to #Descriptive statistics but not found such table. I also do one way Anova.
Give your suggestions please
Relevant answer
Answer
When you compare the Mean ± SD for two groups, you use the T-test, but here you have more than two groups, so you can use one-way ANOVA to compare among Mean ± SD for more than two groups. For more information you can check the following link: https://brownmath.com/stat/anova1.htm#Terminology
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
6 answers
I am just curious to know how PhD/ research scholars/ post-docs are doing their research in this pandemic time. Kindly provide guidance on how you are doing your research.
Also kindly mention on how you are including COVID in your going research.
Relevant answer
Answer
Great! Best wishes for your research dear Khaja Zaffer .
Also stay safe.
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
7 answers
Thinking someone will give a plate what to be solved and will play around with some model and will be paid as a scientist (Youtube is full of many such tutorial videos) is not going to happen, this kind of task will be done by "Artificial Intelligence" itself/automatically. Scientists mean to formulate a new problem which not even seen as a problem and then analyze and convince its potential benefit and then how it can be solved.
Relevant answer
Answer
I don't think we can talk about a data science bubble. On the contrary, I think that there will be a consolidation of the role of the data scientist in every civil, academic and economic field. What I believe is that we cannot be completely automate or delegate to artificial intelligence the human capacity of interpreting the problem and the cause-and-effect processes between the problem under examination and the surrounding world, i.e. material, moral, economic and social effects. The analysis of these processes cannot and must not be left to thinking machines. The consequences are potentially devastating for mankind. We can automate methods and statistical analysis of solutions, but we must not delegate problem analysis without the human presence of a data scientist.
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
17 answers
Various things to be considered while selecting a suitable journal for research article submission?
Relevant answer
Answer
One can select a journal based on following in weightage of their significance.
1. Scope of the journal (does it fit to your work; generally found on journal page).
2. H-index
3. Publication type (Wiley or ACS or RSC or Nature or Elsevier or IOP or AIP or IEEE or etc)
4. Relevance to society
5. Impact factor
6. Review speed [data from publisher and author, see LetPub]
7. Open access or not
8. Indexed or not
Good luck!
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
32 answers
What kind of scientific research dominate in the field of Popularization of science on the Internet?
Please, provide your suggestions for a question, problem or research thesis in the issues: Popularization of science on the Internet.
Please reply.
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
Best wishes
Relevant answer
Answer
Currently any scientific topic relating closely or remotely to Covid19 is "in the buzz", extremely popular.
Vaccine and their properties and effects, propagation of the contamination, comorbidity statistics, this is on the radar of everyone in the broadest audience possible for science.
The popularity of the topics and anxiety around related issues additionallly creates a window for anti-science: fact-negationists, people opposing vaccines whereas vaccines have demonstrated huge benefits not obtainable otherwise (quasi eradication of polyomelitis, tuberculosis, etc), witchcraft recipe mongers (like a former US president who recommended injection of toilet desinfectant or something not far from it. Horrible effects to be expected).
It is likely that anything tagged "Covid19" becomes highly impopular once the pandemic will be over (thus belonging to "bad memories" not to be recalled with any pleasure).
In the longer term popular interest for Space science keeps growing, with impressive achievements from many missions, Europe, Russia, China, USA, Japan, India, etc.
This is a gem, where everyone sees common interest.
Climate science with its degree of probabilistic scenario calculation not understood by all is progressing its audience, especially with young people becoming more aware of huge risks for their future in the absence of immediate radical changes in the way we live on this planet earth.
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
7 answers
Hi,
I am doing a short survey with some of my friends in order to understand the need of researchers (from fabrication point of view). Ideally, our target audience is anyone who does fabrication or would like to use fabricated samples. It would be great if you could share your experience and fill this survey. In addition, we would really appreciate if you can pass it on to your friends/professors – they could be chemist/physicist/biologist/electronics device people etc. anyone as long as you think they fit in target audience.
Thanks a lot, really appreciate your help.
Relevant answer
Answer
THANK YOU I APPRECIATE
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
3 answers
I am writing a thesis on impact of economic transformation on the status of women in Qatar, what are some economic theories I shoud use in my research?
Relevant answer
Answer
The main theories relate to the idea of unitary household decision making versus bargained positions among members of households (the intrahousehold literature, of which there exists a huge body of work). I recommend considering all the work by IFPRI over the years on this: https://www.ifpri.org/topic/gender. They are cutting edge thinkers on methods and metrics, and at this website you'll find data, papers and more.
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
6 answers
The current technological revolution known as Industry 4.0 is motivated by the development of the following factors:
- Big Data database technologies,
- cloud computing,
- machine learning,
- Internet of Things,
- artificial intelligence.
On the basis of the development of the new technological solutions mentioned in recent years, the processes of innovatively organized analyzes of large collections of information collected in Big Data database systems dynamically develop.
What other technological improvements, innovative organizational, technical and IT solutions will be developed in the future based on the development of the above-mentioned factors?
What kinds of innovations will be able to be created in the coming years, in the future based on the integration of the above-mentioned main determinants of the development of the current technological revolution known as Industry 4.0?
What kind of new categories of added value may be created in the future if the above-mentioned technological solutions are more involved in the creation of biotechnological, ecological, product and other innovations.
Will new technologies be created in this way, with the help of which it will be possible to generate solutions to the problems of excessive exploitation of Earth resources in the process of civilization development?
Perhaps new innovative technologies for renewable energy sources and the creation of biodegradable substitutes for many non-degradable materials, e.g. plastics, besides the development of biotechnology and energy innovations, etc. will allow major global problems to be solved.
The development of human civilization in the next few decades should give answers to the above questions.
In view of the above, I am asking you with the following question: Has the technological revolution known as Industry 4.0 already achieved its aopgeum of development or is it just the beginning of this revolution?
Please, answer, comments. I invite you to the discussion.
Relevant answer
Answer
In my opinion, the current fourth technological revolution is just beginning. Evidence to support this thesis is the ongoing progress in the creation of new advanced technologies Industry 4.0 and their applications in industry, in improving the offering and implementation of services, in improving the organization and functioning of economic entities and financial and public institutions, in improving the management processes of these entities, etc.
Regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
19 answers
Which of the methods (Qualitative or Quantitative) would you encourage upcoming scholars to use? Please, any reasons?
Relevant answer
Answer
Quantitave research - Logical establishment .
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
17 answers
In my opinion, scientific research is the most important source of emerging innovations, new technological solutions and improvements in production processes that contribute to civilization development and technological progress, and also constitute an important source of added value of production processes in the economies of developed countries in knowledge-based economies. In the future, research should play a particularly important role in knowledge-based economies. For example, research should generate innovative ecological and new renewable energy solutions in the future to reduce adverse climate change resulting from a progressive global warming process.
In view of the above, I would like to ask you: Can research be considered as the most important factor generating technological value added in knowledge-based economies?
Please, answer, comments. I invite you to the discussion.
Relevant answer
Answer
If the answer to the above questions is in the affirmative, then along with the growing importance of technology, information and knowledge in production processes and in the issue of problem solving, externalities of civilization development, etc., there should be a gradual increase in the importance of research aimed at creating new technological solutions and innovations. As a result, the importance of allocating funds for research and development, i.e. the issue of financing this research, may also increase.
Best regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
  • asked a question related to Research
Question
3 answers
Dear all,
May I know how to obtain the adjusted OR (aOR) in multivariate model when the crude (bivariate) analysis is not significant & is not meant to be included into the multivariate model?
I am using SPSS software.
Kindly enlighten.
Thank you in advance.
Relevant answer
Answer
See the attached screenshot for how to find it in SPSS. IF there is no relationship in the simple regression there's very little chance of of finding one in the multivariable case. Please note that multivariate means multiple dependent variables. With best wishes, David Booth