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In Paper 1, I have hypothesized constructs as A impacts C mediated by B; this article is now under peer review. While I was writing this article I kept contacting the firms for additional samples and now I have 11 new samples .
In the new paper, I wish to include new set of constructs. I wish to study antecedents to construct A (A is same construct used in the paper that is under peer review) . The construct B is also same which is impacted by A and there is no construct C in this paper. In short the datasets A and B remains same with 11 additional samples. The methodology of both papers is same.
I need a quick publication so I cannot wait until the paper that is in process is accepted.
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I think if construct C is not in the paper you need to add new aspects regarding your research in the another paper you wish to produce, particularly in construct A and B. dont know the sample size whether 11 samples are going to make any difference in the your research.
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I would like to make systematic review based also on white papers, so I am seeking for a easily-browsed website containing white papers from different sources.
Which websites do you use when searching for white papers on topics related to business and technology?
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I don't know of any extra base except researgate, google scholar. I usually browse databases of journals I like to read. I always manage to find something interesting there. So I join the discussion, maybe someone can recommend us some interesting database:-)
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I'm fresh man in the field of change detection, I found the data sets described in the papers cannot be found. So where can I find them? help!!! Thanks a lot!
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If the datasets are publically available then check the citation of those datasets in the paper, from the citation you can find the necessary information to get the dataset. (You may look for the Name of Dataset, Authors, or any given link to access on the Dataset's Citation)
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All my(60+) papers are associated with another person with the same name, what shall I do?
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A researcher has wrongly claimed co-authorship of my publication is well described topic at RG Help Center page:
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The quality of conferences papers are low comparing with the jurnal papers although many of high experience and professors had high ranking are sharing in the conferences.
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We intend to investigate about 10 questions that have the potential to be a part of papers or projects. The eager and decided mathematician can contact me for starting possible joint research.
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I need to plot J-V characteristics curve for a solar cell model that I simulated in SCAPS-1D. Can anyone please help me explaining how can I extract J-V data to plot that curve? I would love to appreciate your suggestion regarding some relevant papers too.
Thanks in Advance
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As the title says, I have performed multiple ILD tests on PAUP with different settings and all of them reflect congruence between chloroplastic genes and ITS sequences (P > 0.1). I was wondering what would the implications be for these sequences or the taxa involved? Does this mean that the rate of change in nuclear and plastidial sequences are comparable? What does the congruence tell me about the history of the genes?
I was not able to find many papers in plants where they have performed phylogenetic analyses with plastidial and nuclear sequences concatenated, so any suggestion would be highly appreciated. Thanks in advance for your response
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Si el análisis te da congruencia entre particiones (nuclear y plastidial) significa que dichas particiones están contando la misma historia, reflejan la misma hipótesis filogenética. El ILD es para todo el árbol, pero vos visualmente podes verificar si los clados que se forman en ambas particiones son los mismos, y si agrupan los mismos taxones. Si las particiones fueran incongruentes, y además los clados están bien soportados, entonces podrías sospechar que ocurrieron eventos de hibridación e introgresión, captura de cloroplasto, o sorteo incompleto de linajes, considerando que los genes nucleares se heredan por ambas vías, y los plastidiales por una sola vía. La congruencia entre particiones te permite poder concatenar tu dataset plastidial y nuclear y analizarlo como uno, para encontrar el árbol de especies; si hubiera incongruencia, es mejor analizar los árboles de genes por separado. Espero que esto te haya servido un poco!
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A question to journal editors.
I am the editor of a scientific journal. Like everybody else, we publish articles in PDF files. Now we have an opportunity to publish also in the MOBI and EPUB format. It is a format for e-readers e.g. Kindle, inkBook, ONYX etc. Of course, the journal has to pay extra for the service.
Is it a good idea? Do people read academic papers on e-readers? The journal is focused on civil engineering and architecture, so our papers also include equations.
Journal website:
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I have worked on a phylogenetic analysis based on morphological and molecular characters and the review of a genus of Cicadas. As the research results, we will describe a new genus and 20 new species. I am facing trouble searching for a zoological journal that accepts papers with this amount of taxonomic information. The MS has around 80 pages.
Do you have suggestions of biological/zoological journals that commonly publish large papers that include taxonomy?
For now, I have in mind Zootaxa and Zoological Journal of Linnean Society.
I really appreciate any help you can provide.
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This sounds like the kind of manuscript we would publish in Invertebrate Systematics (I'm AE there): https://www.publish.csiro.au/is/forauthors/AuthorInstructions
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Many papers use cutoff values for non-anxiety / anxiety with the STAI. Commonly used values are 36 and 40 for state and trait. However, many authors do not make it clear where these values came from.
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-Looking for them in the original work: Spielberger, C.D., Gorsuch, R. and Lushene, R. (1970). Manual for the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. Palo Alto, CA: Consulting
Psychologist.
-O, in the Spanish Edition of the TEA Company (easily found on Google and translatable): Spielberger, C. D., Gorsuch, R. L. and Lushene, R. E. (2008).STAI. Cuestionario de ansiedad estado-rasgo (7th ed. Rev.). Madrid: TEA ((Adaptation of Buela-Casal, Guillén and Seisdedos)
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I am looking for journals that will publish newly developed tool/server/web application/pipeline that are useful in biology, or a newly curated database with biological significance.
Can anyone kindly suggest some journals that publishes Bioinformatics and Computational Biology papers that will publish -
  • Bioinformatics Tools/Servers (Machine Learning, Deep Learning based or else)
  • Text Mining
  • Databases
  • Datasets
  • Pipeline etc.
I know a few such as:
  1. Bioinformatics
  2. Nucleic Acids Research
  3. Database
  4. GigaScience
  5. Nature Scientific Data
  6. Nature Computational Science
  7. Briefings in Bioinformatics
  8. BMC Bioinformatics
  9. PLOS Computational Biology
  10. Journal of Cheminformatics
If you know more, kindly suggest the journal names. Thank you in advance.
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I think my suggestion still holds. If your tool is usefull for let's say people working on viruses journals that are focussed on this topic might be interested.
Perhaps a good way might be to 'just' search for "bioinformatics tool" in Google Scholar to see which type of journals 'pop up' (besides the ones you already know).
Again good luck.
Best regards.
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Dear everyone,
Recently, I found a lot of important papers in my area citing papers from CAMP-ISIJ. However, it is quite difficult to find a feasible way to downloac papers from this journal or so. Is there anyone who have an idea about it?
Many thanks!
Haitao
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in the case of two-photon and three-photon absorption, in most of the papers, the absorption cross-section values follow with absorption coeffcint. whether is there any exceptional case is there? if so what causes it?
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Pradeep kumar Vasudevan - as Thomas Mayerhöfer says, in principle the absorption co-efficient is proportional to the absorption cross-section, but is your question whether the absorption cross section of a 2 or 3 photon transition is proportional to the absorption co-efficient of a single photon transition?
In this case, no - as for example a 2 photon transition accesses states of different parity than a single photon transition.
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Hi, everyone. I like ants, so I keep ants as pets. I was thinking of doing genome editing of ants, and wanted to establish cultured cells. However, I only have experience in culturing mammalian cells, so I have no idea what to expect. I followed some papers and tried, but I could not establish a cell line that would proliferate. I would be grateful for your advice.
Best,
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Hi, i think its tough, being invertebrates. Attempts on aquatic invertebrates are more succesful as more researchers are working on it (to find breakthrough in disease control of shrimps). I remember some papers on mosquitoes cells.
Secondly, read more on how or what factors are needed to proliferate cell lines. Previously, we found that zebrafish embryonic extracts are important. Perhaps a trial and error with extracts from ants eggs or larvae, if you can get them?
All the best
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e.g. papers from bioRxiv.org
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Yes, it's legal just put down time when you cited in and used link to check it by your supervisor.
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Can anyone share articles and papers that use Lyapunov's direct method to prove global stability analysis? Or is there any technique for constructing Lyapunov functions, especially for equations with saturation treatment functions. Your help will be greatly appreciated. Thank you!
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Yes, there is. You can find many articles in the engineering journals, typically in the field of systems and control. In electrical and mechanical systems, many Lyapunov function candidates can be constructed using the 'energy' concepts. For constrained systems, Barrier Lyapunov Function candidates are usually proposed.
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Papers submitted to some journals are being openly accessible through research square even before acceptance. What does it mean from the scientific communication and ethics perspective?
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Research Square is a preprint platform that makes research communication faster, fairer, and more useful.
Preprints – draft versions of journal articles that are shared prior to peer-review.
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MFCA has been dominantly used for the manufacturing sector. But will it generate useful results when applied to the buildings sectors, considering its entire life-cycle, or is LCA and LCC are better suited. Any suggested papers on the same would also be helpful.
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It could not have been more appropriate in any other sector than the building sector which uses considerable variety of materials right from the beginning until finish. This would add value to the already exercises proposed towards energy and water conservation through LEED and to some extent indigenous applications like Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment - GRIHA, in India.
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I have read many papers for this subject. However, many startups are proposing new DLTs for this aiam. Many are based on Ethereum ecossystem, but other ones can be proposed using Cardano, NEO, etc. There is also other DLTs not based on blockchains, for example IOTA. So, what are the best DLTs to develop a new research on fresh food chain with IoT and AI, for instance?
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I prefer Ethereum as well. There are a lot of development tools available and by far the largest developer community among all blockchains. You chose between public and private Ethereum (incl. Quorum) or develop hybrid solutions. All using the same code base.
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I read some papers about sol-gel method to make the ZnO thin film or seed layers. But I don't know what's the difference between using sol solvent and gel solvent to make the film?
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Dear Zhou Qian, this is just to differentiate between the solvent of the precursor and the solvent forming the medium for gel formation. Please take a look at the following documents. My Regards
DOI: 10.5772/67857
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In some papers, I saw this kind of protocol : "They were then first washed with PBS and treated with 0.9 % NaCl, before DNA denaturation was performed in 1.5 N HCl for 30 min at 37 °C." for immuno against thymidin analog.
I was wondering what is the purpose of NaCl treatment and what is the length of the treatment ?
Thanks a lot !
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Thank you very much Malcolm Nobre and Steingrimur Stefansson !!!
It helps me a lot to understand. I will try to use this treatment for my tissue.
Best.
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In many papers, PBS (pH = 7.4) is used to bind carbon dots and aptamers. Why?
Is it related to pH at which aptamer binds well?
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Yes!
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Hello Everyone!
I have recently started my research in Surface Plasmon Resonance and I was wondering if someone can share some in-depth papers or ebooks regarding understanding the Math and concepts behind Surface Plasmons on various cases and surfaces. Actually, I am looking behind understanding the physics and math behind how they are created and their various cases and consideration. If someone can guide me through, that can be really helpful.
Thank you in advance
regards
Ketan
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To start with and to get an insight into the field of Plasmonics, my advice is to start by reading good review articles on Plasmonics. These will really help you to get acquainted with the recent happenings in the field and motivate you to think about the real problem and opportunity at hand.
At the same time, the book suggested by
Farooq Abdulghafoor Khaleel
is really good for learning the concepts required for reserach.
Some of the important papers are attached for your help.
Thank you.
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Greetings. I have to etch some regions of a heterostructure to make ohmic contacts. The sample has a Si capping layer which, due to exposure to the atmosphere, is actually a Silicon Oxide layer. Under this Si capping layer, there is a Ge-rich SiGe layer. I have available an 8% HF solution. Is this concentrated enough to etch the Si oxide away? I have seen this done in a few papers but they do not mention the concentration nor mention for how long I should dip the sample.
And one last question if I may: What about the SiGe layer? Will the HF passivate it and prevente native oxide growth? I know HF, HBr, and HCl can be used to clean Ge native oxide and it will prevent the regrowth for about 10min, I am not sure about the SiGe alloy.
Thank you very much.
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For etching of Si,SiO2 or other materials used in VLSI technology you can use the standard etching solutions given in the link:https://www.microchemicals.com/technical_information/silicon_etching.pdf
In this site you find that only 1 percent diluted HF is suitable for this purpose.
Working with high concentration of HF is more precautious.
Best wishes
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While I have many reads on a number of papers there are two I've written concerning the history of psychiatry and the LGBT commmunity whicxh are never read.* The topic is clearly represented in the title of the papers, yet, there are never any reads on either of these papers. Can anyone offer a possible explanation why this is so and a way to rectify this situation? Surely it can't be for lack of interest. Many thanks, Bill
*I have double checked to make sure these papers are part of my collected papers...
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His question starts from a premise that is not true, because what he says about "never reading two articles" is not true ... in fact I, although it is obvious that I am not a model of anything and for no one, I usually read more than one IF I SEEM INTERESTING and, in the same way, I have the immense fortune that they also read more than one article to me. Perhaps the "crux" of the matter lies in the interest of the articles in question, in that they are written in a pleasant way or not and, in short, that the Articles motivate potential readers to read them, since they are quite intelligent and selective and not masochistic.
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I will need reading materials (book and journal papers) that elaborate the method to do Latent Class Cluster Models.
I am also planning to use LatentGold software to do the same. Any suggestions on that?
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You can follow some of Jay Magidson's works on clustering algorithms
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There are lots of distressed co authors out there who were promised equal credit but didn't get it in the end, and some were promised 2nd co author but found themselves listed as 3rd or even 4th. An interesting point is many new writers ( new to academe) don't know what kind of work generally merits credit for publications. Another problem lies in the order in which co-authors are listed. its commonly assumed that journals list authors in order of the perceived dominance of the author so 1st author has the highest credit. However on an hindsight even the best academic brains cannot put a formula to compare the relative values of physical, intellectual and practical contributions to these papers. So in case of your own institution when it comes to rewards or points or scores, how do they evaluate the co authors?
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In my experience, co-authors are decided before the submission of a paper. Two consideration for ordering co-authors includes: the originator of the ideas or data, or one of the authors name is well-known and will most likely get the manuscript through the gatekeeper of the journal. So it seem just that the name that appears first might be given more weight in the rank order.
Here is a problem I encountered with a editor on a manuscript that we published. The editor was having some problems with some of the materials. The editor asked us to state who wrote what part of the manuscript. We replied that we have a 50:50 sharing of the work. This is my view of equal contribution.
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  1. What are the hot topics and future topic for the Recommendation System?
  2. Can we publish High Impact Factor Papers on Recommendation System?
  3. Any other topic suggestions for PhD Computer Science that benefit the student in long term?
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Regarding your question,
1. Recommender system is one of the hottest topics recently and good quality work in recommender system has a good opportunity to be published in high impact journals.
2. There are many hot topics in RS, such as using the user reviews to solve the two most famous problems of RS: data sparisty and cold start problem, you can check this recent survey and at the end of it there are some future trends,
Also, you can use deep learning techniques to enhance the recommender system accuracy/performance.
Good Luck
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Abrin is rip, which inhibits protein synthesis. HSP is regulator of protein folding. But I couldn't find a papers that links HSP and abrin.
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@Sebastian Schmitt
Thank you, I'll look into ricin
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I am modeling melting of an alloy. Can someone please tell me how does Fluent calculates material properties in the Mushy zone in case of melting of alloys? Does it automatically takes properties after we give Tsolidus and Tliquidus or we have to use an UDF for this?
The formula for mushy zone which I have seen in papers is
x = x_solid*(1 - liquidFraction) + x_liquid*liquidFraction
I see in the material properties dialogue box that we can only give a property for continuous temperature range? Any advice is much appreciated
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Hello Sajid Ahammed , thanks for your answer. I understand that the properties will have 3 profiles for 3 different temperature ranges. I can write the profiles in the solid and liquid ranges. But in the mushy zone, properties are function of liquid fraction also. And I need help in writing liquid fraction in the polynomial profile.
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Dear Research Community,
I am currently working on a pre-registered report for a study I would like to do in the near future. I think pre-registering my work is an excellent thing to do, but it is still new to me. This leads to my question: Does anyone in my network have experience with this type of publication? Are there any dos and don'ts that shouldn't be overlooked along the way? Have you reviewed any reports that have been pre-published?
I am very excited to hear from you all.
All the best and warm regards,
Ben
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Preregistration had already become the norm in clinical trials as a way to prevent publication bias, the tendency for many negative results to remain unpublished. Now, it is spreading through psychology and into other fields, not just to ensure those results see the light of day, but also because of a different advantage: By committing researchers to a fixed plan, it takes away some of the degrees of freedom that can skew their work.
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Dear RG members:
Screenshot from:
Vonsovskii, S. V. and Svirskii, M. S. 1961. About the spin of phonons. Soviet Physics of the Solid State. 3:2160. In Russian.
Do you know any article/book which uses explicit expressions containing Anisotropic Elastic Langragians L( Cij )?
For instance: cubic, hexagonal, or tetragonal ones? Other symmetries are also welcome.
L can be written in the 4th index range - ijkl or Voig - ij notations, but the math expressions must contain explicitly the elastic stiffness components Cij or compliances Sij (if S-1 C ~ 1) according to the point symmetry group.
For example: in the isotropy case: 2, in the cubic case 3, in the hexagonal case 6 and so on.
A lagrangian is defined as L(Cij) = K( ρ v2 ) - U( Cij ), therefore the potential term U(Cij) does have to include an expression invariant to the point group symmetry considered.
I did an intensive search on the web, so far only two papers with two expressions (isotropic and cubic cases) both papers from the '60s.
Thank you all so much for the interest.
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I have públished a preprint with the answer to this thread. The Lagrangian for D4 point group symmetry.
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If there is such kind of journals or papers related to tidal height estimation or influenced by weather, please suggest me.
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Hello sir,
Kindly check on this
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Could you please let me know the papers that I can get femtosecond transient absorption spectroscopy of 9,10-DPA(diphenylanthracene)?
I've tried to search papers, but it was hard to find fs-TA of DPA alone.
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Young Ju Yun {I am not a specialist, just interested} In papers I have edited the spectroscopic method(s) used have been confounded with a number of abbreviations, so you may need to widen your search. I have encountered numerous and often misused / overlapping combinations of:
  • transient absorption (TA) spectroscopy (TAS)
  • nanosecond TA (nsTA)
  • femtosecond transient absorption spectroscopy (FTAS) (fsTA)
  • ultrafast (femtosecond) transient absorption spectroscopy (UFTAS)
  • and mixtures of the above descriptions using aka: ’flash photolysis’ & technique based names such as “pump-probe” spectroscopy
These may be of use, (or maybe widely off topic:
  • A.P. Darmanyan, Generation of 1O2 and the mechanism of internal conversion in 9,10-diphenylanthracene, Chemical Physics Letters, Volume 91, Issue 5, 1982, Pages 396-400, ISSN 0009-2614, https://sci-hub.st/10.1016/0009-2614(82)83308-3
  • A. Maciejewski, R.P. Steer, Spectral and photophysical properties of 9,10-diphenylanthracene in perfluoro-n-hexane: the influence of solute—solvent interactions, Journal of Photochemistry, Volume 35, Issue 1, 1986, Pages 59-69, ISSN 0047-2670, https://sci-hub.st/10.1016/0047-2670(86)87117-9
Cheers,
Leo
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Hello,
I am looking for data/case studies that show the influence of national culture on supply chain management. Unfortunately, I find very little on this, and I would be particularly interested in the influence of the Hofstede dimensions. Can anyone recommend me some papers on this?
Many thanks!
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Statistical findings suggest that differences in disruption planning and response abilities between companies from different countries could be partly attributed to national culture. All five Hofstede’s dimensions of national culture, i.e., Power Distance, Individualism, Masculinity, Uncertainty Avoidance, and Long-term Orientation were shown to have a significant positive effect on disruption planning and response. National cultural dimensions and economic status of a country could be effectively used to predict disruption planning and response abilities of companies in various countries
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I need papers on the usage of the thematic approach
and samples on how to write the literature review
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Camila, you can use the method of Systematic Literature Review to write your paper. These papers below can help you to undestand this method and use in your research:
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I am very new to this writing and publishing papers so let me know the journals to publish without so many rules and stuff. Thanks in advance.
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Please upload some review papers that are available for synthetic strategies for molecular polygons and molecular polyhedra.
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Dear Dr. George
Thank you for your question. Yaakov-Hacohen-Kerner gave some valuable references. Along with those articles, the attached article may also fulfill your demand. Best wishes to you.
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I have read many papers but I want something to start with so that can gain some experience for my future projects. I am a Master's student and want some hands-on dry lab experience.
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These articles can be good starting points. All the best
1. Words of Advice: Teaching enzyme kinetics
2. Resurrecting the phoenix: when an assay fails
3. Explicit treatment of non Michaelis Menten kinetics in early drug discovery
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In the literature there are papers that use antibodies for MHCI and others use antibodies for MHCII as a marker of microglial activation in flow cytometry. However, nobody discuss why use one over the other. Any thoughts?
Thank you,
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Dear @Danielle,
Attaching the paper for your help. They have described it very well.
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Recently I am trying to use machine learning in the field of battery. I have gone through several research articles related to this. Most of the papers predicted voltage, State of Charge (SOC), State of Health (SOH) and Remaining useful life (RUL). But I have decided to predict capacity of the battery. Is there any drawback for the prediction of this particular parameter ? If anyone can suggest anything regarding this, I will be grateful. Thanks in advance.
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The error range can be analysed using any of the three parameters you have mentioned. You can decide the parameters based on literature. 20-30% error for RMSE is quite high which signifies that the model is not capable for true prediction. You should check your data properly and verify if there is any unacceptable discrepancy in them.
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Hello, anyone interested in doing research collaborations? I have done and published some papers regarding deep learning, computer vision, IoT, and security.
Here is my page:
This is also my recent publication in Elsevier.
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Yes I'm interested
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Please explain why In Most of the papers of Tangent hyperbolic fluid the results are for Pr=0.7. Is this value of Pr physically realistic for the study of MHD flow? Is fluid with Pr=07 electrically conducting? Give example of such fluid.
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Interesting discussion. Firstly, Pr = 0.7 is for a less viscous fluid like air. Meanwhile, for water Pr ranges between 6 and 7.
Secondly, tangent hyperbolic fluid is similar to Williamson fluid in all ramifications. However, both fluids posses higher level of viscosity; thus thermal diffusivity through them is very small in magnitude. In conclusion, Pr >> 7 for tangent hyperbolic fluids.
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At first, I thought the interest score should be a valuable metric, but the problem is, there are many researchers that have very high scores, but they don't actually write many papers. They are invited to work on a paper with a team of hundreds. Thus, their name appears on tens if not many tens of publications per year.
By example, if there are 100 researchers, then the researcher should get 1/100 of a score when compared to a single author paper. A ranking adjustment should be considered as well. But in the end, if you don't factor the number of researchers into the score, then you have crazy rankings that are simply irrelevant.
Thoughts on factors to consider are invited.
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From my point of view, ResearchGate (RG) is the best attractive academic social networking portal for the scientific community. In practice, RG is one of the biggest social media networks for the scientific community. It is a platform and a gateway for sharing information and experiences between scientists, experts, researchers, and practitioners. Hence, I am grateful to the network opportunities offered by RG for having this access to a broad range of researchers, papers, projects, questions, and discussion threads that otherwise I can't find. In a nutshell, ResearchGate (RG) is a kind of social media with a strong academics/research emphasis.
But, let me point to the following issue. Recommend, Follow, Download an article is just social interaction. Despite it helps to increase the RG scores, it reflects neither the work quality nor the researcher's position. This score depends on the institution where you work; this score in the institution where I work hasn't any remote feedback.
I know that the more you participate in various research activities, the more your research interest increases. Nevertheless, as we are researchers, the RG total research of interest shouldn't be our main goal in itself. We should do our job honestly, such as writing valuable articles, participate in the useful discussions that we are really interested in. If we don't bother with this metric, we will see that it will increase.
If we make this metric our goal, it will astray us and then we will jump over some fences to increase our metrics without real internal improvement.
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Does it depend on co-authors, journals, citations or follower? I have seen many people who has no single research paper, no citation and only one co-authorship and new-bee without a follower in RG has higher score than those with a number of papers, with citations and followers?
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Dear honorable researchers,
ResearchGate (RG) score is an accumulative factor of different activities, including scientific and social, on the RG platform. Therefore, it can be increased by the following:
  • Asking questions and answering other questions.
  • Initiating valuable discussions related to different topics and participating in others' discussions by replying to their discussions.
  • Sharing your good research work with other RG colleagues.
  • Adding new research items. Make sure that all of your publications are listed. If the copyright of the journal allows, include their full texts.
  • Creating new projects and updating the existing ones.
  • Increasing your followers by following others. Following other researchers is a way of encouraging them to follow you back.
  • Comment on and recommend your peer's research and projects.
Based on the aforementioned rules, your score is relative to everybody else. So, it may go up or down depending on the activity and scores of the other RG members. This means it takes the scores and interactions of every RG researcher into account to give you a relative rating of your contributions.
Besides all the above-mentioned points, I want to add that RG is a platform and a gateway for sharing information and experiences between scientists, experts, researchers, and practitioners. In reality, RG is one of the biggest social media networks for the scientific community. Therefore, it is your way to increase your research visibility and, in turn, your citations.
Based on this, your research work should be open-access and free to all people unless there is a crucial need. This can be done during the addition process of any research work or publications by choosing "add a public file" instead of "add a private file".
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I have applied ADI method in lid driven cavity filled with incompressible fluid in my recent papers. I want to apply ADI method in case, the cavity is filed with Nanofluid. But I am not getting the results.
I have searched the reason for this and found that the coefficient of vorticity transportation equation have very large magnitude near 6k.
But these coefficient have values less than 1 in my published papers.
Please give your suggestions.
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Considering nanofluids does not be responsible to any numerical complexity. Since you can valid your code by comparison to existing results in the literature, the use of nanoparticles will affect only the expression of some physical concepts like viscosity, conductivity etc...
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I was wondering if it were possible to get DOI for my published paper? and here is the answer from Cross Reference,
Hi Massoud Thank you for your interest in Crossref membership. Crossref is a membership organization for scholarly publishers and, unfortunately, membership is not open to individuals. This is because membership brings with it various obligations and long-term commitments (see our membership terms) which may be difficult for individuals to fulfill. If your content is published in a journal, please contact the journal publisher to see if they are already a Crossref member, or if they would like to join. If your content is published by your institution, perhaps your institution might consider Crossref membership, and you might then register your DOI through them? If you are looking for a DOI for unpublished work, you might consider using Figshare to register a DOI. I hope this helps.
Thank you
Sally Jennings
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Borrowing from Rob Keller: The best and most easy way to create a DOI for a paper of a journal that don't assign DOI number or chapters of previously published books without a DOI etc. is Zenodo: https://zenodo.org/
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my result is different from some papers', can you share your result?
thanks so much.
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A quasi-likelihood incorporates an additional dispersion parameter into a true likelihood for greater flexibility in modeling the variability of the data (think overdispersed Poisson model). A profile likelihood re-expresses nuisance parameters in the full likelihood as a function of the parameters of interest. Under mild regularity conditions after profiling the quasi-likelihood you can differentiate its log transformation and set this equal to zero to solve for the root, which will be a function of the data. This function of the data will be your maximum quasi-likelihood estimate.
For inference you can rely on a Wald, Score, or quasi-likelihood ratio test. For the Wald and Score tests if the parameter space is bounded the performance can be improved by utilizing a link function g{MLE}, e.g. g{ } = log{ } if the parameter space is bounded below by 0. For the score and quasi-likelihood ratio tests the nuisance parameters should be profiled by estimating the nuisance parameters under the restricted null space.
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I saw that some papers use both cpDNA and nrDNA in a single phylogenetic study. Why not just choose one? What are the functions of each type of DNA? What is the benefit of using both?
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In the most of green plants, chloroplast (DNA) transmits , usually, to the progenies through the maternal gamete. Then, we can determine the (cytoplasmic) maternal plant (by the cp DNA haplotype) in the hybrids when both parents have the different cpDNA haplotypes. Nuclear DNA transmits to the progenies from both parents. We can determine, luckily, the both parents of the hybrids and the direction of crossings when you examine both the cpDNA & nrDNA.
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I read a lot of evolutionary/ecological academic papers, sometimes with the specific aim of seeing how statistics are being used 'in the real world outside of the textbook. I normally take the statistics in papers as gospel and use the papers to help in my statistical learning. After all, if a paper has taken years to write and has gone through rigorous peer review, then surely the statistics are going to be rock solid? But in the past few days, I've questioned my assumption, and wondered how often the statistical analysis published in academic papers is suspect? In particular, it might be expected that those in fields such as ecology and evolution have spent less time learning statistics and more time learning their fields.
How often do people find suspect statistics in academic papers?
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Hewa Ghafor Hassan "How often do people find suspect statistics in academic papers?" A short answer is 'all too often.' However, a major problem is that reasons for retractions are often obscure or deliberately obscured to protect authors and publications. All too often the reasons for retraction overlap. For example an error in a database or statistical analysis can be a ‘honest error’ in methodology or citation. On the other hand suspect statistics could be the result of a deliberate plagiarism, fraud, or misconduct and lumped together with 'data error' or 'problems of reproducibility.'
For example the article “What a massive database of retracted papers reveals about science publishing’s ‘death penalty’” used the RetractionWatch database [http://retractiondatabase.org/RetractionSearch.aspx?] found “The database includes a detailed taxonomy of reasons for retractions, taken from retraction notices (although a minority of notices don't specify the reason for withdrawal). Overall, nearly 40% of retraction notices did not mention fraud or other kinds of misconduct. Instead, the papers were retracted because of errors, problems with reproducibility, and other issues.
A smaller study of 236 papers “Sources of error in the retracted scientific literature” found: “The articles retracted due to error were found to have been retracted for one of 3 major causes: laboratory error (236, 55.8%), analytical error (80, 18.9%), or a lack of reproducibility (68, 16.1%) (Fig. 1 and Table 1). For 39 articles (9%), the cause was indeterminate or failed to fall into one of the 3 major categories, and these were categorized as “other.”
Another paper “Why articles are retracted: a retrospective cross-sectional study of retraction notices at BioMed Central” examined 102 articles and found “The majority of retractions were due to some form of misconduct (102 articles, 76%), that is, compromised peer review (44 articles, 33%), plagiarism (22 articles, 16%) and data falsification/fabrication (10 articles, 7%). Honest error accounted for 17 retractions (13%) of which 10 articles (7%) were published in error.
Cheers,
Leo
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Dear all,
I was wondering which is the best solution to regenerate the glycerol in excess resulting from the enzymatic esterification between FFA and glycerol.
Perhaps a distillation?
Do you have tips or papers where I could find a method ?
Thanks in advance for your feedbacks.
Regards,
Riccardo
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Dear Riccardo, thank you for posting this interesting technical question. As an inorganic chemist I'm certainly not a proven expert in this field. In principle, careful distillation would be a suitable method to recover your glycerol. However, since you want to make food grade glycerol, I assume that it's not worth the effort. Glycerol is a technical product which is available in surplus quantities. For example, please have a look at the following potentially useful article in which it is stated that "glycerol is expensive to purify for use in food, pharmaceutical, or cosmetic industries":
Residual Glycerol from Biodiesel Manufacturing, Waste or Potential Source of Bioenergy: A Review
This article has been posted by the author as public full text on RG, so you can freely download it as pdf file.
I hope this helps. Good luck with your work and best wishes, Frank Edelmann
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Want the papers on the topic leadership, leadership theories, leadership styles, contemporary leadership
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Can anybody tell me how to get a SE cutoff value from UPS?
I read some papers about how to calculate the VBM; but i am not sure which one is correct. For my figure, how to get a VBM?
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从形状来看,陡峭的一边通常是cutoff side。这个图的横坐标是否正确标注?
The sharp side in the figure usually represents cutoff side. Is the X axis value assigned correct?
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Similar to low field electron transport i am trying to get hole mobility using iterative method. suggest papers related, or any advice related to scattering mechanisms in this calculation
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Well
Refer to these papers
[1] D. L. Rode, Low-field electron transport, (R. K. Willardson, A. C. Beer), Semiconductors and Semimetals, Academic Press, New York – London, 10, 1–90 (1975).
[2] Mohamed Mohamed, Anjali Bharthuar, Umberto Ravaioli (2014), "Rode's Method," https://nanohub.org/resources/lfmobility. (DOI: 10.4231/D3RV0D18V).
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bioRxiv is an open access preprint repository for biological science papers starting in November 2013 and hosted by the Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. How important, useful and informative are these preprints, which are not peer-reviewed, but are screened and checked against plagiarism?
bioRxiv seems to fill an important need based upon the number of submitted papers. Do you submit preprints to this server? Do you think it help or harms research communications?
If so, how much are your bioRXiv papers read and cited verses the typical journals you would send to for a given paper? How much do you read and cite bioRXiv papers compared to other journals?
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One of my friends was accused of plagiarism; do you know why?
After about three months, his research paper was rejected because of plagiarism. When he checked the journal report, he found that his paper was accused of plagiarism and with a 61% percentage. The reason is that his manuscript was previously uploaded as a preprint. It took him another two months to solve the problem and removing the manuscript from the database of the preprint.
So, in order to solve such this type of issues, it may take several months of following up to remove the manuscript from the database of the preprint. Anyhow, If there were accusations of plagiarism, it is not well for any researcher's reputation, in any meaning.
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I'm planning to use this software for screening more than thousand papers identified through databases.
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Covidence is simple to use, and makes the process of duplicate screening easy (showing the conflicts). It isn't the fastest to use for the first cull, as it shows you both the title and abstract at the same time, and for some topics, it's more efficient to go through just the titles first. So for larger systematic reviews where you have a lot of irrelevant titles to go through, I prefer Rayyan instead.
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Dear all,
In some literature, it was found that HiPIMS results in low average grain size and it was explained by the renucleation due to high density flux of ions towards the substrate. However, in some papers it was explained that increased adatom mobility lead to lateral grain size increase. And it is known that adatom mobility is also caused by high density flux of ions towards the substrate which is characterisitc of HiPIMS.
So what is the relation between HiPIMS and the grain size in polycrystalline films?. Especially that this property plays a role in compressive stress and hardness.
Thank you
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Both are correct. Basically, HiPIMS is considered as a more complicated deposition technique than DCMS and depending on the deposition parameters and the materials system, you may get two different effects. I would point out at one example where ZrTaB thin films are grown by hybrid Ta-HiPIMS/ZrB2-DCMS scheme (Ta target was operated in HiPIMS mode, while ZrB2 target was operated in DCMS mode). All deposition parameters were kept constant, except the HiPIMS average power and pulse frequency to get the same peak current densities.
The column size of the alloy grown at For 600W/100Hz increases compared to DCMS-grown ZrB2 reference film, while there is a significant decrease in column size for the alloys grown by 1200W/200Hz and 1800W/300Hz, which is significantly due to a change in the nucleation and growth conditions. In addition to column size, this directly influence on stress levels, nanostructure, and consequently mechanical properties Anas Ghailane (see: ).
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Hello,
I am teaching a class on biostatistics this semester and want to introduce an exercise where students critically evaluate the methods section of scientific literature. So, I am looking for examples of published papers with problematic experimental design or statistics (e.g. non random sampling, pseudo-replication, violation of assumptions, type 1 error, etc.). If you are not comfortable calling out scientists in public, please feel free to send me suggestions in a direct message. I'll keep a list for anyone who would find this useful in the future. Thanks for your help!
-Claire
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Can anybody guide me what are the good sci journals in reliability and multistate system. The novelty of the work should be high to get the novel ideas and the connection between previous research and new research.
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You can also make use of journal finder option available in most databases to narrow down to journals aligning with your manuscript subject. Tentative title, abstract and relevant key words are the needed information.
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How preprints are different from other publications? Lot of peoples are adding preprint before publishing. What happen to preprints when they are accepted in some journal? Do we have remind the preprint then? Are papers in preprint also rejected for uploading?
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Dear honorable researchers,
First of all, let us have a look at that category of articles for those who don't know the preprint.
A preprint is a full draft research paper that is shared publicly before it has been published or even peer-reviewed by a given journal or conference. It may have been given a digital object identifier (DOI), and, in turn, it can be cited in other research papers. But, academics usually prefer to read and cite final published versions of journal articles or conferences instead of preprint (e.i. pre-publication works).
I have a different perspective for uploading any preprint anywhere before it has been published. My advice is not put any research anywhere until it is published and tagged with your name.
Why you let others know about your insights and methodologies before publication?
You may say that I am somewhat old-fashioned, but I have a different perspective for uploading any preprint anywhere before it has been published by your name. So, my advice is to not put your research anywhere until it is published.
  • Your manuscript may be copied and then published by others before you can do that. This stealing of your paper might be happening. You must wait until the paper is accepted and then published by that journal. Then, upload that research item on any platform you wish.
  • You should avoid telling the other researchers about the details of anyone of your papers until it has been published and seeing your name by yourself.
  • A journal may have automated plagiarism software to check the paper before admitting it to the reviewing process. There are chances that your paper can get a rejection at any point. Thus, to avoid this problem, don't publish the preprint until you got ACCEPTED and see that it is tagged with your name.
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Hello all
I would like to perform a Design and implementation of Smart Farmer using Embedded System . if you have any documents or papers (I prefer thesis or any axpanded documents) about this area.
thank you
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Good luck in your search.....
I am also working on the application...... of the Internet of Things(IoT) for smart farming....
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Specifically, how should we use them given they have not been peer-reviewed? Should we rely on the results reported in pre-prints for policy? I am really probing for thoughts on whether researchers believe that results of studies reported in pre-prints are reliable enough information to make policy decisions given they have not been peer-reviewed. How to cite does not concern me at this point nor am I concerned about papers that have undergone peer-review and are in final or near-final form awaiting journal layout and issue assignment.
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I have a different perspective for uploading any preprint anywhere before it has been published anywhere. Why you let others know about your insights and methodologies before publication?
You may say that I am somewhat old-fashioned, but I have a different perspective for uploading any preprint anywhere before it has been published by your name. So, my advice is to not put your research anywhere until it is published.
  • Your manuscript may be copied and then published by others before you can do that. This stealing of your paper might be happening. You must wait until the paper is accepted and then published by that journal. Then, upload that research item on any platform you wish.
  • You should avoid telling the other researchers about the details of anyone of your papers until it has been published and seeing your name by yourself.
  • A journal may have automated plagiarism software to check the paper before admitting it to the reviewing process. There are chances that your paper can get a rejection at any point. Thus, to avoid this problem. Publish the preprint after you got ACCEPTED.
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Hello I am looking for papers regarding the history of the breeding programs of haskap (Lonicera caerulea) in Russia and Japan. I have been having trouble finding such papers. I would be quite grateful for any information that can be provided.
Thank you.
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Désolé !
Bonne chance
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Recently, I have written a research article. I want to produce preprint of it. I found various platforms for creating preprints of articles, including arXiv and Researchsquare. Personally, which platform do you prefer?
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I have a different perspective for uploading any preprint anywhere before it has been published anywhere. Why you let others know about your insights and methodologies before publication?You may say that I am somewhat old-fashioned, but I have a different perspective for uploading any preprint anywhere before it has been published by your name. So, my advice is to not put your research anywhere until it is published.
  • Your manuscript may be copied and then published by others before you can do that. This stealing of your paper might be happening. You must wait until the paper is accepted and then published by that journal. Then, upload that research item on any platform you wish.
  • You should avoid telling the other researchers about the details of anyone of your papers until it has been published and seeing your name by yourself.
  • A journal may have automated plagiarism software to check the paper before admitting it to the reviewing process. There are chances that your paper can get a rejection at any point. Thus, to avoid this problem. Publish the preprint after you got ACCEPTED.
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Its about the biodegradation of refractory or recalcitrant organics in RO reject.
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Banishree Sahoo Thanks a lot!!!:)
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I would like make a figure in which could be chosen plants, soil, roots and other parameters.
Power point is quite limited for scientific drawing. Would you have better option to propose?
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Inkscape and biorender are good options but if you are on a budget then downloading free png and vectors and using it in powerpoint can get the job done.
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I'm currently working on my thesis on how to improve the satisfaction of volunteers. Do you know any training, workshop, other measures to apply in a practical context?
I'm also happy about suggestions on papers :)
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I think you can multiple satisfaction instruments in the literature. Just google it.
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What quality assessment tools are available for a meta-analysis when the papers contain case-control, cohort, x-sectional, prospective designs?
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Dear Kenny Chiu, thanks for the question. In fact, there is a various risk of bais assessment (ROB) tools, some of which were developed for specific types of design. However, Stone et al, have developed a comprehensive ROB tool that fits the whole types of design (experimental and observational) except cross-sectional design.
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Hello Researchers,
I am working on the need of Motivation in comtemporary business/ organizations.
I am looking for some papers talking on motivational theories and its importance.
Any insights or papers that may be useful, please do share.
Thank you.
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Don't have any papers to share, just personal experience. As Manager of Financial Planning and Analysis for a midsized Public Company and CFO for a Private Company, motivation depends upon the Individual. Not all Individuals will be motivated by the same means.
Some as myself are motivated by autonomy and creativity within myself more than money.
Nearly all Professionals that I have dealt with are motivated by Autonomy. That is the only thing I have seen that is common among Professionals during my time in the Corporate World.
Now I am 61 years old. And the younger generation from what I have seen are not as motivated by intellectual endeavors in the workplace. They are more motivated by working in groups of like minded people. Which of course may not always provide the optimum solution.
This is an Hypothesis that would have to be tested, if not done already.
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Hello Mohammed
Many thanks for your notes. Can I suggest that learning becomes more meaningful, when it is applied to real questions.
The attached papers present a challenge that might interest you.
best regards martin
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There is another well-known Russian researcher contributing to the effort on mitigating climate change.
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If any available papers can you post?
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I need experimental procedures or related papers.
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Dear Ahmed Tolba,
Its better first you prepare rGO and then sensitize it with Pd Complex
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Hi I'm curious to know what species of fish is the predator of Scyliorhinus canicula. Someone could help me? Do you know if are there some papers? Thanks in advance
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Dear Monique, thank you for your interesting echnical question. Unfortunately I found no scientific paper to answer this question. Most research articles are concerened with what these fish feed on themselves. Please have a look at the poptentially useful link cited below. It has a short note saying that "Larger fish including sharks are potential predators of the small-spotted catshark."
Small-spotted Catshark Scyliorhinus canicula
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In wireless communication channel modeling, capacity is calculated based on computed H matrix and SNR value.
H matrix is calculated through a different models - COST..WINNER..etc.
I am wondering how to calculate SNR at different locations of UE In a cell?
many papers assume a certain SNR before capacity calculation.
How one can calculate SNR in an urban macro environment in presence of scatterers with different BS-UE positions in distance and angle?
I am looking for SNR calculation throughout a cell for MIMO wireless channel using directive antennas.
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The colleagues above gave satisfactory answer. The ultimate answer of your question is to make survey test at all intended points where one one can measure directly the recieved signal strength. This means one has to determine the spatial distribution of the received signal at the coverage area.
May be the best way is to determine such distribution empirically.
But this may be very tedious.
The other solution is to use use models of large scale fading and small scale fading to obtain statistical channel models.
The last possible solution is to make an electromagnetic solution for the signals emitted from the antennas in the real propagation space with districted scatters.
Best wishes
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Hi Dears
I find a dataset for my thesis topic, now I want to find what articles that are citation on it, do you have any idea for my problem?
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11 Quick rips for finding papers -
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This is my first attempt at a meta-analysis. Advice would be much appreciated!
I am looking at the effects of a specific mindfulness intervention on emotion regulation looking at the DERS questionnaire as the measure of emotion regulation.
I am analysing both the subscales scores and total scores.
I have 5 out of 10 papers that have provided the pre and post means and SDs for the subscale scores and 8/10 papers who have provided the pre and post means and SDs for the total scores.
How would I go about analysing this data? 3 studies have more than one mindfulness intervention condition and one has no control group but multiple mindfulness intervention conditions.
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Obviously reviewing and analyzing the maximum number of scientific publications of this type: whether or not they have a "Control Group" is not your problem or responsibility, you only do the Meta-analysis OF WHAT IS, NOT OF WHAT YOU WOULD LIKE TO HAVE ... but, be careful, YOU CANNOT MIX THOSE THAT DO HAVE A CONTROL GROUP WITH THEM!
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In a simple mediation analysis I have a significant indirect effect, but no direct or total effect. I know some studies report this indirect effect as evidence of mediation, but from the examples I found it appears this exists for cases of suppression. From Kenny's website suppression exists if c' is the opposite sign to ab (and cites MacKinnon et al., 2007). However, in my analyses the c' (the direct effect) is the same sign to ab. When c' is positive ab is positive, and in another analysis when c' is negative ab is negative. Can I conclude mediation from this? If so, does anyone have examples of papers that do this? Thanks in advance!
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Dear Siobhán:
Both actions are complementary and independent each other. You can have a non-significant indirect effect and have a significant direct effect (which means there is not a mediation influence) or you can have a significant indirect effect and not a significant direct effect (which means X does not predict Y, but X predicts M and M predicts Y, which is a mediation). Obviously there are also cases in which direct and indirect effects are non-signiticant, or cases in which direct and indirect effects are both significant.
I put here some examples:
* Significant indirect effect and non significant direct effect: Galindo-Domínguez & Bezanilla (2021): Promoting Time Management and Self-Efficacy Through Digital Competence in University Students: A Mediational Model: https://www.cedtech.net/download/promoting-time-management-and-self-efficacy-through-digital-competence-in-university-students-a-9607.pdf
* Significant indirect effect and significant direct effect: Galindo-Domínguez et al. (2020): Mediator and moderator effect of resilience between self-efficacy andburnout amongst social and legal sciences faculty members.
Best regards.
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Hi,
In ClinicalTrials, should I register just one protocol for a study which can result in several papers or should I register one protocol per planned paper?
Greatful for any input.
Kind regards
Astrid Brænden
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Please help me with simple step by step explanations on how to find left and right eigenevectors of Jacobian matrix evaluated at disease free steady state of a model for investigating backward bifurcation using Castillo-Chavez method. I had reviewed many papers and tried occasionally to follow through their write up, but to no avail.
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Dear Ahmed,
You may want to review the following:
Which is an example of a backward bifurcation model?
A range of different epidemiological models have been found to exhibit backward bifurcation, including models that incorporate behavioral responses to perceived risks [3], vaccination [4], [5], multiple groups [6], vector-borne diseases [7] and exogenous reinfection [8], [9], [10].
Backward bifurcation in epidemic models: Problems arising ...
Which is the correct way to draw the bifurcation diagram?
The correct approach for drawing the bifurcation diagram requires first choosing a proper specific model bifurcation parameter to vary, say the transmission rate β. The bifurcation diagram can then be determined through varying this model bifurcation parameter.
Backward bifurcation in epidemic models: Problems arising ...
How are backward bifurcations calculated in epidemic modeling?
This study addresses problems that have arisen in the literature when calculating backward bifurcations, especially in the context of epidemic modeling. Backward bifurcations are generally studied by varying a bifurcation parameter which in epidemiological models is usually the so-called basic reproduction number R0.
Backward bifurcation in epidemic models: Problems arising ...
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Dear community, we are doing experiments where we measured the mouse serums and urines, but the results in the mouse urine from ELISA kit (for example: 0,88 mg/dl) are not comparables with the values that we obtained using a bioanalyzer (117,26 mg/dl), both data are from the same mouse. Also, this values from ELISA are not compare with other papers results where use colorimetric or enzymatic methods.
So I would like to know if you can help me to know the reasons from these differences? Or if someone had use the same kit and the results are the same?
Thank you for the any help or advice!
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Along with mice sample Running a human sample with known values of creatinine in serum and urine of the same patient will help in understanding the change in the ELISA kit when compared with mice.
you might get a better picture.
Alternatively a calibration curve for creatinine can be made in the range of mice sample, this calibration curve can run alonglside the human and mice samples.
best wishes.
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Taking into account papers that have been published in high-impact journals as well as those that have been rejected. I believe that one's institutional affiliation has an impact on an editor's decision to accept or reject a manuscript.
Is this statement correct? Or do you have a similar impression?
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I agree with Subir sir, quality of the manuscript is primary for acceptance plus broad minded subject editors. During my scholar stage, Dr. Jim Reveal, Dr. Alexander Sennikov, Dr.Ruth Clark, Dr.Johannes Enroth and Dr. Yunfei Deng helped lot, they didn't bother about my institution but they looked the information presented in the manuscript and promoted the subject.
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I saw some papers with colorful solvents for some application. Especially, for wetteblity test. I also intertsed to do that. Where and what type days shall I search? Thanks
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Dear Wondimagegne A Mo , If you do a wettability test with an instrument that has a camera with white or blue light falling through a color may not help to distinquish the droplet you need to make to determine parameters like a contact angle etc. It also depends on which liquids you want to use. As a guide have a look at fuel dyes (dyes added in some countries to distinguish between regular fuel (uncolored) and that to be used in industry/agriculture (colored). Check out this link
for what dyes are used. They are normally abundant and cheap.
Kind regards, Leo
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Hi everyone.
I have seen in several papers that Scherrer´s equation is widely used for estimating the crystallite size (from XRD peak broadening) without taking care of its theoretical-experimental coherence. I see that the theoretical hypothesis of this equation is generally not considered and incorrectly extended to any case, blearing the real validity of this approach for estimating crystallite size.
For example, this model completely neglects the influence of lattice strains (or dislocations) on the XRD peaks broadening, which is considered in other models like that proposed by Williamson-Hall. It is known that lattice strains can introduce significant peak broadening, especially for high diffraction angles (θ). Moreover, I have not found any exact and rigorous criterion to consider under what conditions the peaks broadening is mainly due to crystallite size concerning lattice strains.
Regarding this point, let me doubt of the validity of Scherrer´s equation for estimating crystallite sizes in any context, as commonly done.
What do you think about this issue?. Are you agree or disagree?. Share your opinion!
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You are completely right Simon Roa ,
if one has the chance to apply Williamsen-Hall approach (e.g. in the case multiple significant peaks belonging to one phase) one should use the W-H equation. The latter reduces to the Scherrer equation, when the strain is set to zero.
Bearing in mind the range of the shape factor, which enter both equations, one should regard the Scherrer as well as W-H equations as a rough estimate of the crystallite size. Moreover this value is only a single number, which does not describe a size distribution, which in reality is always present. Thus the crystallite size here is only an estimate of some kind of a mean value.
So please take this number is as rough estimate, not more.... and be carefull with the number of digits when presenting such a number.
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Dear scientific community,
As a novice researcher, I would like to ask you about some clarification and suggestions. There are two types of publications: conference papers and journal papers. Which one is better to focus on? This is my first question.
As I understand, if I want to participate at a conference, I need to submit a paper after my presentation. I will not be able to use it again as a journal article. I will go directly and ask, what is the point of conference papers? Do you find a conference and then write a conference paper, or do you write a conference paper at first and then participate? These are my second and third questions.
If I go with a journal article, can I present its results at conferences but reject to submit any conference papers? This is my fourth question.
I need to participate at conferences and to write journal articles. However, I see them as two different paths and I do not find connections between them. It is as if I go with a conference paper, I should stick only to it. If I stick to the journal article, I should go only with it. Two different types of work. Why then I need conference papers if journal articles give more points. I am confused and try to understand more how to plan my work, what strategy to use. I hope for your help. Thank you.
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Journal Article
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I often come across those two fascinating terms (rather associated with the disciplines of geography, geology?) in titles of papers on literature and literary criticism. Although I often read those papers with interest and enthusiasm, the difference between the two terms which are commonly used with prepositional phrases as in "topography of desire", "cartography of love and loss", "topography of pain.." etc. remains blurred to me.
What would make you (or any researcher, writer interested in literary criticism) choose one over the other? Or, when would you opt for 'cartography' rather than 'topography', for instance? Your decision, would be based on what?
Thank you all!
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Topography is the study of the land features on the earth surface and cartography is the science and art mapping features
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