Science topics: Engineering
Science topic

Engineering - Science topic

This research group is created with an intention of making an interaction among the research scholars, professors, scientists, engineers & technologists working in the field of Engineering, so that today’s novel ideas can become reality of tomorrow and these all can be implemented in a more constructive manner for the welfare of whole mankind
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Some married couples used their spouses as their next of kin while some used the first child, others used the first male child. Some people also preferred to use their siblings for next of kin. Who do you think should be the next of kin as a married person or unmarried person ? What are the criteria of choosing the next of kin? I will appreciate candid answers to this question.
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I agree, with Emre
The term usually means your nearest blood relative. In the case of a married couple or a civil partnership it usually means their husband or wife.
Next of kin is a title that can be given, by you, to anyone from your partner to blood relatives and even friends. It is also possible to name more than one person as your next of kin. This is a title that is primarily used in order for emergency services to know who to keep informed about an individual’s condition and treatment.  
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is it worth publishing in Bentham Science "Recent Patents in Engineering?". Please guide
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It is best to get patents...
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How is performance of Artificial Neural Network (ANN) as compare to other machine learning or artificial intelligence technique? How is ANN's performance measures? Particularly, in the field of engineering applications.
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Can be measured by using random data set for testing or by using a real data set. Anyway, this data set differs from the data set that used for learning ANN.
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Do we need to be specific?
Sometime I feel that if we become specific with more details when we ask the questions, we loose some potential researchers from other fields. So the number of answers reduce, then it is difficult to get attention of other researchers. So at the end we do not get many answers.
What is your experience and opinion on this? Please share your thoughts as well.
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The scientist is not a person who gives the right answers, he's one who asks the right questions.― Claude Levi-Strauss
P.S.: The following RG Q&A provide good information:
What answers are “good answers” in your opinion?
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I am going to check the effectiveness of tuned liquid damper as seismic control and i want to take sample multi story building with out designing the structural elements. so to take that sample what from which perception to put first cross-section of structural elements with out helping of architectural engineer?
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How about performing your analysis on a building that was previously designed. Many prototype buildings can be found in the literature.
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1-hardness of hard material is not considered
2-not discuss multipass
3-not addressed the role of wear debris size and shape
4-hardness after experiment not considered.
I wish to know more points, apart from the above plz suggest.
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Archard equation W=k*Wn*s/H allows the calculation of wear volume, but one problem is the hardness H of the softer material at the sliding interfase. Since wear at the boundary/mixed or hydrodynamic regime only takes place in the few microns range, this hardness is not easy to measure, due to the fact that bulk hardness is the one that is involved using vickers and rockwell methods and usually during sliding the top surface suffers strain hardening. This is the reason why is preferable to use wear rate Wr=V/Wn*s
Where V is wear volume Wn is normal load and s sliding distance, being this equation independent of hardness.
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Scientists always involve in research and even they are pioneered,but didn't lead nations ,not in all world ,not in America,but in China,
ina has even more scientists in key positions in the government. President Hu Jintao was trained as a hydraulic engineer and Premier Wen Jiabao as a geomechanical engineer. In fact, eight out of the nine top government officials in China have scientific backgrounds. There is a scattering of scientist-politicians in high government positions in other countries as well. German Chancellor Angela Merkel has a doctorate in physical chemistry, and, going back a bit, Margaret Thatcher earned a degree in chemistry.
One needn’t endorse the politics of these people or countries to feel that given the complexities of an ever more technologically sophisticated world, the United States could benefit from the participation and example of more scientists in government. This is obviously no panacea — Herbert Hoover was an engineer, after all — but more people with scientific backgrounds would be a welcome counterweight to the vast majority of legislators and other officials in this country who are lawyers.
Among the 435 members of the House, for example, there are one physicist, one chemist, one microbiologist, six engineers and nearly two dozen representatives with medical training. The case of doctors and the body politic is telling. Everyone knows roughly what doctors do, and so those with medical backgrounds escape the anti-intellectual charge of irrelevance often thrown at those in the hard sciences. Witness Senator Bill Frist, Gov. Howard Dean and even Ron Paul.
This showing is sparse even with the inclusion of the doctors, but it shouldn’t be too surprising. For complex historical reasons, Americans have long privately dismissed scientists and mathematicians as impractical and elitist, even while publicly paying lip service to them.
One reason is that an abstract, scientific approach to problems and issues often leads to conclusions that are at odds with religious and cultural beliefs and scientists are sometimes tone-deaf to the social environment in which they state their conclusions. A more politically sensitive approach to problems and issues, on the other hand, often leads to positions that simply don’t jibe with the facts, no matter how delicately phrased. Examples as diverse as stem cell research and the economic stimulus abound.
Politicians, whose job is in many ways more difficult than that of scientists, naturally try to sway their disparate constituencies, but the prevailing celebrity-infatuated, money-driven culture and their personal ambitions often lead them to employ rhetorical tricks rather than logical arguments. Both Republicans and Democrats massage statistics, use numbers to provide decoration rather than information, dismiss, or at least distort, the opinions of experts, torture the law of the excluded middle (i.e., flip-flop), equivocate, derogate and obfuscate.
Dinosaurs cavorting with humans, climate scientists cooking up the global warming “hoax,” the health establishment using vaccines to bring about socialism – it’s hard to imagine mainstream leaders in other advanced economies not laughing at such claims.
Often too interested in politics as entertainment, the media is complicit in keeping such “controversies” running. Doing so isn’t hard since vivid, just-so stories and anecdotes usually trump (or should that be Trump) dry, sometimes counterintuitive facts and statistics.
Skepticism enjoins scientists — in fact all of us — to suspend belief until strong evidence is forthcoming, but this tentativeness is no match for the certainty of ideologues and seems to suggest to many the absurd idea that all opinions are equally valid. The chimera of the fiercely independent everyman reigns. What else explains the seemingly equal weight accorded to the statements of entertainers and biological researchers on childhood vaccines? Or to pronouncements of industry lobbyists and climate scientists? Or to economic prescriptions like 9-9-9 and those of Nobel-prize winning economists?
Americans’ grandiose (to use Newt Gingrich’s malapropism) egalitarianism also helps explain why the eight or nine original Republican presidential candidates suffered little for espousing, or at least not clearly opposing, scientifically untenable positions. Jon Huntsman, the only exception, received excessive kudos for what seems a rather lukewarm acceptance of climate change.
To avoid receiving the candidates’ canned responses on these and other issues, I sometimes wish that a debate moderator would forgo a standard question about immigration or jobs and instead ask the candidates to solve a simple puzzle, make an elementary estimate, perform a basic calculation.
Of course, the other side of the “two cultures” chasm should bear some of the onus for this lack of communication between politicians and scientists. Too few scientists are willing to engage in public debates, to explain the relevance of their fields clearly and without jargon, and, in the process, to risk some jeering from a few colleagues. Nevertheless, American scientists do more on this front than those in most other countries.
Perhaps because the words rhyme, it’s sometimes said that attitude is more important than aptitude in helping to bring about innovation, economic progress and social change. The dubious corollary is that freewheeling Americans who question authority and think outside the box have an abundance of attitude that helps make up for a declining performance in science and technology.
Maybe so, but attitude can only go so far. There is certainly no requirement for a Singaporean science background, but scientifically literate government leaders who push for evidence-based policies and demonstrate a scientific outlook are needed more than glib panderers with attitude.s o why not let scientists lead pollitics?
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Dear Kanapathipillai Vijayaratnam .thankyou for wonderful reply,i am completely with you ,Singapore is the best successful country,as leader is well educated than many countries.
about trace elements ,this is the cause of cancer ,due to lack of trace elements,as god keep human to balance elements ,society and fact that disturbance of metals are the main problem ,see attached file
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I am wondering how an electron can gain and lose mass. What is the electron actually gaining and losing that causes its mass to change?
Specifically, my application is in an electron beam travelling from a cathode to an anode.
I am not a physicist or electrical engineer, so I am lacking some basic background knowledge. It's hard for me to understand how an electron, which is a fundamental particle that cannot be broken into anything smaller, can gain or lose mass.
I would very much appreciate any rudimentary explanations!
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In addition to Prof. Fricke's description:
Rest 'constant' mass is based on Newton's second law. Einstein's relativity theory describes that mass of a body increases with velocity and is given by the relation:
m = m0/[1- (v2/c2)]0.5
where m0 = rest mass, v = velocity of the body, c = speed of light.
The change in the mass of electrons is 'realized' because of its smaller mass and very high velocity.
The effective mass of electron in crystals could be related to the scattering process and direction of travel with reference to the electric field. If the acceleration of electrons in a crystal is easy and large in magnitude (at high mobilities), the effective mass is considered to be fraction of the rest mass. Even a negative mass is possible if the direction of travel is opposite to the field!
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Engineering properties of bio-materials include Physical, mechanical, thermal, electrical, rheological and optical properties
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Radiation dose
Temperature history
Ozone exposure (or other oxidizing agents)
Mechanical loading (part may sag, deform significantly over time)
UV exposure (or other wavelengths that degrade compounds)
etc.
<are you sure that you want an exhaustive list? Perhaps if you tell us what this 'bio-material' is we might offer a shorter list>
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I am wondering about any possible suggestions of applications from science and engineering where the ordered regular semigroups can be use.
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There are plenty of uses, as in motion, motion composition.
A more fundamental question is a specific property of group: commutation or non commutation.
Quantum mechanics relies on the uncertainty principle of Heisenberg, which can be formulated as a non-commutation of operators:
This is deep physics, real and usable.
Do you like photons?
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Eu sou aluno do 2º ciclo do curso de Engenharia Electrotécnica e de computadores, mas a minha graduação fiz-na em Física. Preciso alguma recomendação para aprender a programar fundamentalmente no Matlab. Alguém ali para ajudar-me? Agradeceria...
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Good morning Anacleto, Ruben and SanjaviI. I'm very grateful for your answers. Thank you so much for helping me this way! Obrigado a todos!
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Will organize International conference in Dec 2019, Malacca, Malaysia. The theme of the Conference is : Recent Trend in Sciences, Technology and Engineering Research".
To those who are interested to be as Committee member, please send me your particulars. More details will be updated in the future.
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It is possible if everything is done electronically
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The research topic for which i need a little help in forming research questionnaire is "Career Challenges and Issues Faced by Women Engineers and their Favorable/Desirable Attributes in relation to Construction Sector "?
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A questionnaire is a technique for collecting data in which a respondent provides answers to a series of questions. To develop a questionnaire that will collect the data you want takes effort and time. However, by taking a step-by-step approach to questionnaire development, you can come up with an effective means to collect data that will answer your unique research question.
  1. Designing Your Questionnaire
  2. Writing your questionnaire
  3. Distributing Your Questionnaire
  • Article Summary
  • Questions & Answers
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I am wondering about any possible suggestions of applications/phenomena from science and engineering where the fractional-order geometric calculus can be applied effectively. I would greatly appreciate your help by providing me with references, suggestions, or examples related to this topic of research!!
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Thank you Dr. Kaveh Zamani very much for your answer!! I greatly appreciate it!!
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How I can download this version of MATLAB? (6)
or
How I can change the version of MATLAB to another version?
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I'm afraid I can't do that. hope you can find a solution but believe me your supervisor has to help you. you are not there to find a software you should ask them to prepare it for you.
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Thank you for your response
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Not required.
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Dear all,
My name is Carlos Freitas and I am a chemical engineer student. I am performing tests of furfural HDO and I am with difficulties to find chromatogram and retention times to identify the products of my reactions.
Thank you in advance.
Scientific greetings,
Carlos
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Although Venkata is right you will easily run into difficulties in getting all the possible pure compounds. On top of it, developing a gc method to completely separate all theoretically possible reaction products is not that easy.
You'll gain a lot of time if you start using GC-MS for this project. Most GC-MS implementations use Electron Impact as ionization source witch yields a 'fingerprint mass spectrum' witch is matched against a library, this will leave you with an estimation of chance that a certain peak could be the proposed compound . An extra confirmation is still needed but the amount of references needed is smaller
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How (un)predictable is the future?
Why do we try to predict the future in engineering sciences?
How effective is performing Life-Cycle Assessment aiming to fulfill the sustainable development goals in decision-making process if the future is unpredictable?
If the future is predictable; to what extends is it so - in terms of scale and accuracy in various dimensions?
Are today's methods and tools of predicting the future more accurate or valid in comparison with the old ones?
Please explain your opinions by referring to valid scientific literature sources.
Thanks
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Its a multi-dimensional question. I would quote Nilola Tesla about the future: "Let the future tell the truth and evaluate each one According to his works and accomplishment. The present is theirs, the future, for which i really worked is mine".
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Call for Book Chapters: Advanced Ultrasound Applications in the Engineering Field
It is our pleasure to invite you to contribute a chapter in this book within its scope mentioned below. In order to bring out the book in time, we request you to submit the chapter proposals by May 31th, 2019. Each submitted chapters will undergo a double-blind review by two-three anonymous expert reviewers to ensure the quality of the book.
If you would like to review the call for chapters for this book and submit a chapter proposal, please visit following link:
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Thanks for sharing
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JUST Engineering Conference Sep 2019
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It seems Ok. Thanks for the information
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I looked for this book literally everywhere but I can't find it, dose anyone have a PDF copy of this book because I really need it...
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Yes, hard copy.
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Can any one suggest journals with Q3 and fast publication (10 days) in engineering field?
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Dear Abla,
I'm not from the field of engineering - but I would argue, regardless of the discipline, no journal offers manuscript submission, review and publication (even 'advance access') within 10-days. I'm wondering why you are specifically targeting a Q3 journal? The lower the ranking doesn't necessarily equate to a quicker publication process. Also - engineering is a huge field - so you would need to target your manuscript to appropriate journals for your topic - not just how quick they are.
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An engineer may be considered capable of computational thinking since he/she is tasked with determining practical and feasible solutions for real-world problems?
In the determination of engineering education curricula, are computational thinking skills incorporated inherently or must it be a deliberate inclusion in the course curricula and course delivery?
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According to the WIkipedia entry, "The characteristics that define computational thinking are decomposition, pattern recognition / data representation, generalization/abstraction, and algorithms." However, these items
are in the secret syllabus, and do not appear explicitly. For example, decomposition is taught implicitly (indirectly) in Algebra, pattern recognition in Geometry, data representation in the Programming class, generalisation /abstraction in the Maths class, and algorithms in the Programming class. But you will never find those headings in the syllabi or topic headings!
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Thank you
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Please look at the book (Introduction to Statistical Pattern Recognition)
by
Fukunaga
from
Purdue University
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I am doing a project related to UV shielding Transparent polymer film and I need to study the hardness of the polymer composite. Which software is used to study and analyse the hardness of material?
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My thesis is about UV shielding polymer nanocomposite. I used nanoindentation to characterise the hardness. You can use finite element software such as Abaqus or Ansys to simulate the indentation.
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Do we need to study the Profession Ethics Engineering subject?? Why
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Dear Aparna Sathya Murthy ,
Dear Len Leonid Mizrah
Thanks for your reply.
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which artificial intelligence method do you think will be the leader in next years? Is the AI going to be replaced by any other approach or what kind of improvements do you think will happen in this field? do you think the jobs will take growing in AI as nowadays?
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The danger in stating which AI method will be the leader in next years is to think that every problem is a nail and we just have a hammer. This has been the problem with the current emphasis on deep learning.
Each problem is unique and must be solved with the appropriate approach, methodology and tools that are adequate for the problem (just take as example the no free lunch theorem in ML). AI is not ML and includes a multiplicity of algorithms and heuristics that in some instances cannot be compared side by side.
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Artificial intelligence has applied in many fields. In product design process, the application of artificial intelligence is expert system. Can artificial intelligence design product without engineer?
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Artificial intelligence using machine learning and deep learning algorithm to react with the things and people in which we want to do. it depends on our requirement and our code design algorithm, but in engineering case Artificial intelligence technique is used how to design Bridge in a complex and narrow way, and how to install power electricity on isolated areas. it helps how to used intelligence not involved deeply in engineering.
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Making many High Skyscraper is Dangers for rotations and spinning of the Earth ? Do Scientists and Engineer have any idea in this regard ? The world becoming densely populated day by day and skyscrapers become more on the earth as Energy of the Earth remain same like we are transferring Mass from other places to a place in well organized manner. Is this affect the Earth Rotation And Revolution ?
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it is a very intresting question, the key is that the sum of the angular momentum (push) of the solid Earth plus atmosphere system must stay constant unless an outside force (torque) is applied,” Salstein said. “So if the atmosphere speeds up (stronger westerly winds) then the solid Earth must slow down (length-of-day increases).Also if more atmosphere moves to a lower latitude (further from the axis of rotation), and atmospheric pressure increases, it also gains angular momentum and the Earth would slow down as well.
Regarding this, it can definitely be true, but! I don't think that it is that much noticeable for being worried about it right now!
btw, thank you for such a nice challenging question!
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The availability of technical equipment simplifies our live, and thus, also teaching. However, I have the impression that it seduces to show to much information and, moreover, since most of presentations are online available, students to not make any notes anymore since they can download everything. Thus, they follow like the presentation like a movie... and possibly do not understand the content. If you try to copy a graph from the blackboard or write an equation (inclusive errors which will be made and corrected during writing even from the presenter) requires some kind of active interaction.
Does our current teaching really improves the level of knowledge of our students?
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it depends on the type of the presentation
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By S.S. is meant simply supported beam. Could a researcher give me the solution and its reference. The solution for an undamped beam is available in Timoshenko and Young (1974) Vibration problems in Engineering.
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Hello #Gordon Chirgwin
The suggested link addresses a forced vibration of an undamped Timoshenko beam.
I want info on a damped Euler-Bernoulli beam.
Thank you.
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I am a Masters student in mechanical engineering. I am interested and curious about how material fails, breaks( Engineering and other materials). My master's project was 'simulating chip formation in a composite material'. What are some research areas that suits my interest, so that I can do my PhD in that?
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Occupational safety and health is particularly interested in material failure analysis.
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Please help me to clarify doubts on it
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Researchers, Please, five minutes of your time in this survey could make a massive change in your research interest
Thanks
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Submitted
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I am Engineering final year student and I require PET scans of throat cancer for my final year project. I am not able to get them. Please anyone help me with it.
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Within all assumption made on these theories, ... did you think upon your academic and general point of view.. that it will match all cases, .. without no more assumptions...?
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Are there any papers that compare the difficulty of learning and using Engineering software (CAD, CAE (Engineering Analysis) and CAM) with general office suite software (e.g. MSOffice software)?
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this is an old paper comparing autodesk, solidworks, Catia and Pro/E. This may answer some of your questions
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see above
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I anticipate that following areas provided that opportunities for pursuing research in Computer Science and Technology.
1. Cloud Computing((IaaS), (PaaS), (SaaS)), Big Data and industrial analytics, Industrial IoT, Robotics, Robotic Process Automation (RPA),Increased automation to reduce costs, Deep Learning, Computer Vision, NLP, digitalization, unstructured video, audio and image data analysis, Cyber security, Context-Rich Systems, Continued mobile pervasiveness, Web-Scale IT (bringing development and operations together in a coordinated way like DevOps), 3D Printing (New industrial, biomedical and consumer applications), Ad-hoc Mobile and Sensor Networks; Graphics and Visualization. Intelligent Systems, Modelling and Simulation.
2. Reinforcement learning is a paradigm for learning by trial-and-error inspired by the way humans learn new task.
3. Generative models to discriminative models that are used for classification or regression tasks learn a probability distribution over training examples.
4. Networks with memory like neural networks and in-memory systems
5. Hardware for training and inference like central processing unit (CPUs),graphics processing units (GPUs) with massively parallel architecture.
6.Autonomous Vehicles which are Self-driving vehicles use ML and deep learning (DL) algorithms to power computer vision that are similar to human decision making.
7.Writing Instruction to students and evaluation in academic research and analysis of innovations in the education system.
8. Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) use built-in sensors on everyday objects, from fuel gauges to tires.
9.Inbound Logistics Planning ensures the right person receives the right number of supplies at the right place at the right time.
10.Retail Commerce which are market trends to offer personalized product recommendations that can increase sales.
11.Financial Analytics, Insurance, Banking and financial services like Fraud Detection, inbound traffic and detect suspicious behavior that is typical for spam and phishing, NPA, Credit Lending / Scoring and Regulatory compliance.
12.detect deviations from normal environmental characteristics, such as air pollution, climate variability and climate change.
13.Marketing metrics of Retargeting customers, products Recommendation engine, Social analytics and automation, Product Information Management, Marketing analytics and Pricing optimization and Return on marketing investment (ROMI).
14.Shelf audit/analytics like use video, images or robots on the retail area to audit and analyze B2C sales, Merchandising optimization Leverage machine learning and big data to optimize your online or offline merchandising.
15.Customer Service like Chatbot, Intelligent call routing and Call analytics, Survey & review analytics and Voice authentication etc.
16.GPS, Image recognition and visual analytics, Geo-analytics platform like Enables analysis of granular satellite imagery for predictions.
17.Healthcare market research and hospitalization like Personalized medications and care, Drug discovery, Early diagnosis, Suggest best treatment based on patient complaint and other data and Medical imaging insights.
18.Digital logic and embedded system, advanced nano technology, telecommunication, agribusiness, energy, and transportation, Air and rail transport management, sports, media and entertainment analytics, stock market and investments.
19. Computer applications of Genetic Engineering; Biotechnology; Microbiology, Computational Biology and Bioinformatics, Bio-metrics, Computer Security, digital crime and forensic investigation (Forensic Data Analysis).
20 Computer applications of Space Science, Airborne Astronomy, Space Exploration, Observation and Sensing Satellite. Spacecraft and satellites operating in deep space can generate huge amounts of data to explore.
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Which is the better for the researcher, studying various topics and making a research for each one, or studying one particular topic and making a series of researches related to it?
Please reply, and share us your opinions about the discussion
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I would like to thank all researchers for their sincerely opinions, it is very useful to me.
Best Regards
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How much does materials science and engineering affect other sciences and engineering? Which kind of sciences affect the materials science and engineering?
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The future belongs to Materials, Production and Information
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How much is the Predicted or Estimated Environmental Concentrations of Manufactured Nanomaterials in aquatic environment (especially freshwater)?
Various concentrations have been reported in some studies. But I'm looking for new and updated references for this topic.
I have already read these good articles (attached files):
Giese et al., 2018:
Risks, Release and Concentrations of Engineered Nanomaterial in the Environment
Batley et al., 2013:
Fate and Risks of Nanomaterials in Aquatic and Terrestrial Environments
Adriaan et al., 2016:
Modelling the Release, Transport and Fate of Engineered Nanoparticles in the Aquatic Environment – A Review
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A very good question but hard one to answer! Most of the papers published lately have referred to the studies that you mentioned! I couldn't find a 2019 reference for it! I follow your question and I'm sure it'll be answered [email protected] Ali Johari
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STEM are Sciences Technologies Engineers Mathematices
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Hussam Dawood Abdullah intersting topic. Apart from my research works I have 4 year experience of STEM teaching at international schools. There are many changes, I would like to mention some those based on some of my experiences.
a. Resource limitations
b. Lack of teacher training
c. Management issues (old fashioned school management)
d. Parent perspectives mismatch.
e. Available textbooks from reputed institutes are not unto the new generation STEM curriculum.
f. Cultural and religious issues (limitations).
......
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Dear sir
I am looking for PHD position in civil and environmental engineering. my Master degree in civil and environmental engineering - about (Enhancing sustainability, optimization,concrete,value engineering approach ), ,Member of the national concrete committee of Qatar construction specifications. I am working as a Quality and technical engineer at Qatar general organization for standardization (Qatar Standards). i had attached my CV -it would be appreciate if you get a glance, please advice me . thank you.
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You can apply at some announced positions at RG. Take a look at Jobs section.
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I need information regarding ARPN journal.
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If there are more mistakes.... Why this journali is on scopus or scimago?
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In my country, the benefit from a specific paper is proportional according to the sequence of the researcher’s name in the paper, where (100%, 80% and 70%) for the first, the second and the third researcher respectively, and if there are additional researchers, then they will not get any benefit from the research.
Please reply, share us your opinions about the discussion
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With you, son of my country, in the same case. I am looking with you, to dear colleagues contributions .
Regards.
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I need to access the book : Energy Efficiency in Air Transportation Published by elsevier. I tried many options but no use. Since i can't afford to buy this, is there any way to access the ebooks
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There are wide differences in the template from one journal to another, why this differences, do you agree that the template of the journals should be unified or not? Why
Please share us your opinions
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I do not think that magazines are interested in what the researcher wants because the magazines are the strongest authority and researcher is the one who needs them. There are no weaker dictates conditions on the strongest! In addition to the magazines run by different companies with different directions and visions.
Best Regards.
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How can you decide the judgment on a specific article whether it is good or not, is your judgment depends on the title of the article or the abstract or the publishing journal or something else?
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several items :
Title
Sample size
Methodology
And the Journal .
Regards
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When you start to write your paper, definitely you will depend on some papers and mention them in your papers as literatures review, how many papers approximately do you need to start writing your own paper?
Please, share us your experiences
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it depends on the research topics and available reference
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Hi, I am an engineering graduate in E&C. Is it good to do M.tech in Nano Technology? From aicte faculty norms, I find that one should have b.tech & m.tech in the relevant branch for getting a teaching job. Does it covers nanotechnology also? I know that its good for private jobs. But I am interested in teaching. Would I be eligible for the associate/assistant professor according to aicte norms if I do M.tech & Ph.D in nanotechnology ?
If no, kindly tell me the M.tech specializations that comply with aicte norms.
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Shrikaant Kulkarni thank you sir. Any reasons?
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Call for Papers
International journal of industrial engineering and operational research (IJIEOR) is a peer-reviewed, open access journal that publishes original research articles as well as review articles in all areas of industrial engineering. IJIEOR publishes original, quality articles reporting advances in industrial engineering theory, techniques, methodology, applications and practice. 
International journal of industrial engineering and operational research (IJIEOR) : http://ijieor.bgsarman.ir
ISSN: 2676-3311
IJIEOR applies the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license to works that publish (read the human-readable summary or the full license legal code). Under this license, authors keep ownership of the copyright for their content, but permit anyone to download, reuse, reprint, modify, distribute and/or copy the content as long as the original authors and source are cited. No permission is needed from the authors or the publishers. Appropriate attribution can be provided by simply citing the original article. For any reuse or redistribution of a work, users have to also make clear the license terms under which the work was published. This broad license was developed to facilitate free access to, and unrestricted reuse of, original works of all kinds. Applying this standard license to your own work will ensure that it is freely and openly available in perpetuity. 
Subjects covered are:
Artificial Intelligence 
Engineering Economy and Cost Estimation
Ergonomics in Job and Work Design
Facilities Design and Location
Hazard and Risk Assessment and Mitigation
Healthcare Systems Engineering
IE Applications and Practices in  Energy Management
Management Information Systems
Infrastructure Engineering, Development & Management
Maintenance Engineering and Management
Materials Handling
Performance Analysis and Simulation
Production Systems Design, Planning and Control
Productivity and Business Strategies
Project Management
Service Systems Engineering and Management
Sustainable Engineering and Development
Total Quality Management and Quality Control
Work Measurement and Methods Engineering
Industrial Engineering Education and Practices
Green Resource Optimization
Operations Research and mathematical models
Optimization techniques and meta heuristics
Stochastic Processes
Game theory
Industrial Engineering
Operation Research
Logistics
Supply and Operations Management 
Editorial Board:
Professor Gerhard-Wilhelm Weber, Faculty of Engineering Management, Poznan University of Technology, Poland, Institute of Applied Mathematics, METU, Ankara, Turkey Dr. Reza Lotfi, Department of Industrial Enginering, Yazd University and CEO of Behineh Gostar Sanaye Arman Dr. Pandian Vasant, senior lecturer at Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS in Malaysia Dr. Sadia Samar Ali, Associate Professor of Department of Industrial Engineering, College of Engineering for Girls, King Abdul-Aziz University Dr. Sankar Kumar Roy, Department of Applied Mathematics with Oceanology and Computer Programming. Dr. Eren ÖZCEYLAN, Associate Professor in the Industrial Engineering Department University of Gaziantep Dr. Kathryn E. Stecke, Ashbel Smith Professor of Operations Management, University of Texas at Dallas, Naveen Jindal School of Management Dr. Audrius Kabasinskas, Department of Mathematical Modeling, Kaunas University of Technology Dr. Chefi Triki, Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat, Oman Dr. Nadi Serhan Aydin, Department  of Industrial and Systems Engineering, Istinye University Dr. Sırma Zeynep Alparslan Gök, Süleyman Demirel University, Turkey Dr. Tomaz Brzeczek, Poznan University of Technology, Faculty of Engineering Management, Poland Dr. Rafał Michalski, Faculty of Computer Science and Management, Wrocław University of Science and Technology, Poland Dr. Vilda Purutcuoglu, Department of Statistics,  Middle East Technical University Dr. Tatiana Tchemisova, Division of Mathematics, University of Aveiro Dr. Herman Mawengkang, Department of Mathematics, University of Sumatera Utara, Indonesia Dr. Hamid Reza Jafari, Department of Industrial Enginering,Islamic Azad University,Abhar Branch, Zanjan, Iran Dr. Mohammad Hosein Sattarkhan, Department of Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Yazd University, Yazd, Iran Dr. Bohlool Ebrahimi,Satellite Research Institute, Iranian Space Research Center, Tehran, Iran Dr. Masoumeh Mirjafari, Azad University Rudehen branch, Tehran
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International journal of industrial engineering and operational research (IJIEOR)
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I want to minimize the value of one variable which depends directly on four variables and indirectly on three variables.
I need to adjust the parameters from a machine (establised manually) to reduce the efect in "response" variable. Also, I have other variables which I can't choose their values.
I have at least 5000 observations which given some independent variables and the machine parameters established I have the response variable value.
I think in linear programming but I don't have an objective function and constraints but I want to minimize efects. Also I think in DOA and Taguchi but I dont have to do and experiment, I have 5000 experimients really done.
I will appreciate your responses! Thanks
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Linear Programming can be applied, if you have establish an algebraic relationship between the eight variables involved (1 output, 4 direct, 3 indirect), and these relations are all linear! In mechanical engineering applications, this linearity assumption most likely does not hold. So in case you can give algebraic but nonlinear relations between the variables (involving functions like exp, sin, cos, tan, or higher-order polynomials), then you are in the world of nonlinear programming, where still mathematical solvers exist (but in general you only get local instead of global optima).
If you do not have algebraic relations yet established, just 5000 measurements (observations), you cannot apply these methods. You might try to get them by checking for correlations or fitting linear or nonlinear functions to the data, or using the measurements as test bed for an ANN (artificial neuronal network).
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Sometimes during preparing for a specific research, the results which obtained may be unsatisfactory or negative, what will you do in such case?
Please, share us your sincerely opinions
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Dear Dr. Mohammed,
It would be frustrating. I will try to modify the research idea or publish the negative results as they are. Negative results may help other researchers not to try again in the same way.
Regards
Rama
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Dear Respected Research Gate Members,
Nowadays, every company is interested to reduce/eliminate the defects in the product. Now, everyone knows the impact of defective products on the profitability of the company. So, there are many practices to minimize the manufacturing defects. Please, share your expert suggestions on the following question.
Which manufacturing/management practices are more useful in reducing/eliminating defects?
Thanks & Regards
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Toyota production system is the most advanced manufacturing system. Tps is a framework of concepts and methods to enhance corporate vitality through continual gains in quality while increasing productivity.
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I have completed my Master Degree in Computer Application and After working 3 years as a Soft. Engineer now I want to start research work in software engineering field. Plese help me to choice a research topic which is best for me.Thanks in advance.
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Dear Sayantan Mukhopadhyay,
enclosed a collection of current Research Topics.
Best regards and much success
Anatol Badach
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I would like to elaborate a concept for a package unit where 300kg sodium metabisulfite shall be dissolved in water (25% solution), the pH shall be controlled and adjusted with one of 4 liquids depending on the receipe. The metabisulfite can be bought in big bags and can be stored in a polypropylene storage tank. I was wondering what would be the best way to generate the solution? (first water than dosing of the solid sodium metabisulfite or to start with the sulfite and add water? Does anyone has some inspiring ideas for the dosing unit and the transport of the bisulfite to the stirred tank reactor?
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Hi, it always better to add the solid into the water, because you have to stir the suspension/solution. You can dose gradually the solid into the water. If you add water to the solid it becames a mudd very difficult to stir, being necessary a lot of enegy to dissolve. Also, uoy can adjuste the final concentration by adding small quantitites of liquid or solid . You can think to dose the solid, for example, by a screw driver.
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I have recently graduated from the University of Miyazaki-Japan, with a Master of Engineering Degree in Hydrology, and decided to pursue my studies as a PhD student at a European or German university.
Currently, I am searching for a supervisor working on Hydrology and water resources.
I would be grateful if someone can guide me to find a potential supervisor there, please.
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According to the local journals in my country the maximum number of researcher that can subscribe in a specific research is Three. If there is an additional researcher/s, then he/they will not get any benefit from the research.
Please reply, and share us your opinions about the discussion .
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Dear Dr. Mohammed,
There are no limits to the number. But the number of researchers must be logical and each one has a clear role.
Regards.
Rama
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Technical question about the possibility of replacing construction fine aggregate by river sand or desert sand...?
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Dear Faysal Asad .. Thanks for answering..
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How to create research interest in engineering graduate students?
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Hi,
1. You can always set up experiments and show how engineering principles are correlated to real life issues
2. Involve them in paper writing stuff
3. Give them small projects and let them understand basics through it
4. try to get projects from MNCs for students; this will boost their will to work on engineering problems
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A classical hydroelectric system that can be completely free of environmental and economic concerns and Reliable & Responsible to operate in Oceans and Seas.
It is a huge project. I greatly appreciate your particular guide for the following inquiries:
· Why not building a classical hydroelectric plant in ocean/sea water (salty water)? Is this because:
I. There is no reliable design proposed yet?
II. Or because the exact idea has not yet been taken into account?
III. Reservoir: impossible to build an ocean-based reservoir?
IV. Environmental, Social, and Economical concerns: A possibility of Non-environmental emissions, Harm to sea life?
V. Civil & Mechanical engineering: Construction of the plant in the middle of the Ocean/Sea?
VI. Survivability of the building?
VII. Hydroelectric equipment: Generators, turbines, pumps etc…. Installation and efficiency during operation?
VIII. Salty water: Impact of salty water on Turbines, Pipes, etc….?
IX. Grid connection & Electricity transmission: Transporting electricity to the mainland station?
X. Operation & Maintenance?
XI. Retrofitting process: Costs and its viability?
XII. Licensing & Relicensing Process?
Unendurable of final costs: Unaffordable Project?
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The constraints of building classical hydropower projects in seas and oceans are locational and economical dependent rather technological limits. The following question provides some valuable answers. For example, the answer of Dr. Tony clarifies critical constraints in Australia.
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For laser Initiation of energetic materials, how to measure the function time as the sum of the ignition delay time (time from beginning irradiation to beginning of decomposition) and the propagation of the reaction zone (time from beginning of the self-sustained decomposition reaction until “breakout” at the end of the
device)? I find the function time in the paper"Laser Initiation of Tris(carbohydrazide) metal(II) Perchlorates and Bis(carbohydrazide) diperchloratocopper(II)" but I can find the references" [3b]P. W. Cooper, Explosives Engineering, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, 1996." So who can help me ? You can find the paper "Laser Initiation of Tris(carbohydrazide) metal(II) Perchlorates and Bis(carbohydrazide) diperchloratocopper(II)" in the attachment
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ok,thank you
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In any Engineering Discipline structures.
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google can't answer that? lets collaborate...cone as a simple machine...
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both have same issn number and Science Citation Indexed Expanded Current Contents®/Engineering, Computing, and Technology EBSCO Scopus ExLibris Primo Central Google Scholar INSPEC ISI Alerting Services DOAJ OCLC WorldCat® Proquest Summon
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The one at.joetsite.com seems very false. It does NOT have proper e-mail and it misuse Thomsen Reuters logo.
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I'm currently working on a design of a hydroelectric system that can be free of environmental and economic concerns and reliable to operate in Ocean and Sea.
It is a huge project In planning. If you are an expert or have experience in this area, I would greatly appreciate your support to make this project happen.
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If you really want a powerful sea based hydroelectric plant, go to the Australian town of Broome and take a ride up the coast, which is (1) dotted with islands, (2) has only a slightly inclined sea bed and (3) has very high tides, You get the phenomenon of the 'horizontal waterfall' as the water rushes between the islands at speeds of tens of kph at times and is absolutely reliable all year round; it would give gigawatts, and maybe terawatts of power if fully tapped. Problem is, its absolutely nowhere near any place that requires such colossal levels of power. There was talk in the early 2000s of using it to electrolyse hydrogen and selling it to the US or China or somewhere - but the investment would have been enormous and the market in those days for hydrogen was tiny. It still isn't great)
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What are the best reference books on Natural Gas Engineering subject that are used by undergraduate students of top universities?
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Ikoku, C. U. (1984). Natural gas production engineering (pp. 516-pp). Wiley.
Katz, Donald La Verne, ed. Handbook of natural gas engineering. McGraw-Hill, 1959.
Arnold, K. (1996). Standard Handbook of Petroleum & Natural Gas Engineering.
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What are the best reference books on Natural Gas Engineering subject that are used by undergraduate students of top universities?
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You can used this book... "Natural Gas Engineering Handbook” by Boyan Guo and Ali Ghalambor
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I completed my dissertation and I am certain I have fulfilled my purpose when it came to the topic. However, I believe I missed my calling to be an engineer and wish that I had the opportunity to work in that area.
I was a rotary wing mechanic for years and loved it. Have you ever felt you missed your career calling and were you able to change that? I will not go back to school but wondering if it is possible to cross over.
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Laverne, yes! you can!! and anybody can!!! Like I said earlier all depend on an individual. I have seen and heard of people that have two to three PhDs in different fields at different time of their life journey. So, all depend on you. If you think you cannot, then follow your dreams, pray to God for directions and be happy!
Cheers!!
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i am working in a company as a metallurgical engineer.
in copper casting ( slab forms), we observed cracks on the slab surface. how to can eliminate the surface cracks?
Thank you
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Hope that helps. Let me know if you have any more detail or want to discuss further. All the best Saeed.
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That is, results of studies, recent investigations, methods used.
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I do not know if that work will be a good answer to your question:
I have several other references about the same issue.
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What are the best books on Natural Gas Engineering subject include questions and exercises with worked solutions that are used by undergraduate students of top universities?
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I recommend those books:
· Chi U. Ikoku, Natural Gas Production Engineering, Library of Congress Cataloging Publication Data, USA, 1959.
· Donald L. Katz, Handbook of Natural Gas Engineering, New York, USA: McGraw-Hill, 1959.
· John M. Campbell, GAS CONDITIONING AND PROCESSING, Volume I, II, III, USA, 1992.
· M. Mohitpour, H. Golshan, A. Murray, Pipeline Design & Construction-A Practical Approach, 3th. Edition, 2007.
· Saeid Mokhatab, John Y. Mak, Jaleel V. Valappil & David A. Wood. Handbook of Liquefied Natural Gas, 4th. Edition 2014. Oxford.
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Dear All,
I am opening this discussion to discuss about advanced ultrasonic techniques and their importance. We can include following points:-
1) Why ultrasound NDT
2) Conventional Ultrasonic techniques (UT)
3) Advanced UT
4) Challenges in UT
5) Future trends
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ultrasound waves inspection of materials and of human tissues is an important diagnostic tool. One van detect the inhomogeneities in the material such as voides cracks or foreign domains from any other contamination during the preparation.
Ultrasound imaging is based on the scattering of the ultrasound waves if their path has obstacles or reflecting boundaries. The most important parameter is the resolution of the features in the ultrasound pictures. The resolution depends on the wavelength of the sound waves. As the wavelength decreases the waves will be able to resolve the smaller objects.
The other important issue for advancement of such technique is increasing the sensitivity of the ultrasound sensors by developing sensitive piezoelectric transducer.
In addition to producing powerful ultrasound generators with high linearity and dynamic range.
The remaining issue is the powerful ultrasound image acquisition and processing algorithms. This is required to enhance the pictures , extract their features and identifying the defects
By computers
Best wishes
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Prezados pesquisadores...
Trabalho atualmente em Gestão e manutenção de Infraestrutura Hospitalar e intenciono melhorar meus conhecimentos na área.
Agradeço se tiverem indicações de faculdades com bons cursos ou mesmo artigos e publicações que aplicam a engenharia nos ambientes de saúde.
Obrigado.
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Boa tarde.
Muito obrigado a ambas.
Vou acessar os sites e avaliar a compatibilidade dos programas com meus objetivos.
Atenciosamente.
Carlos.
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Dear Researchers,
I do research in the domain of electric vehicle testbeds. Therefore i am interested in already existing ontologies in the automotive domain. If you know good scientific books and papers giving a deep insight in the domain it would also help a lot.
Thank you for your support!
BR,
Martin Paczona
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Ontology catalog for Internet of Things (IoT), see "Intelligent Transport Systems Ontology Catalog" section
39 ontology-based projects referenced
also web service or dump for transport ontologies:
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In my opinion, the role of activating innovativeness and implementing new technologies in the industry is important for the effective economic development of the country and supports the sustainable development of the national economy.
In sustainable socio-economic development of the national economy, one of the most important issues is the activation of innovation and entrepreneurship in order to stimulate the development of business entities, especially those companies that based their business model on the implementation of new technologies, innovations, patents, including technical and engineering technology solutions, production, logistics, IT, process, management, etc. Therefore, the role of engineers is very large in such organized development of the national economy oriented in economic policy on socio-economic development with particular emphasis on the activation of innovation and supporting the development of companies that their business model rely on new technologies, including engineering technologies.
I invite you to the discussion
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It definitely contributes to the activation of an economy, here's a case study of economic growth related to innovation:
Even if that analysis is true, there has to be public policy in place to make sure the development is indeed sustainable, because certain models that aim to activate innovation may do so in a way that can privilege short term financial return over sustainable long term economic growth, which is obviously noxious for the main objective.
Another point that's important is that the actual policies that support the activation of innovation and specifically, of entrepreneurship, go in line of supporting the process of integration into the economy so there's a contribution to the economy. Certain countries (like mine) can have what are called "penalties to entrepreneurs", in the form of, for example, heavy taxing. Certain tax reforms or other public policies can be a huge burden to entrepreneurship, privileging big companies over startups, leading more often to bankruptcy than to an actual contribution to the national economy.
Proper activation of innovation can definitely contribute to sustainable development of a country, but there has to be a proper public policy framework behind said activation in order to align the interests of innovators and the economy. Public policy can make or break an activation of innovation and entrepreneurship.
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Engineered cementatious composites are high performance composite and are gaining huge research recently due to their enhanced ductility and durability.
What are the major ways to improve the sustainability of the ECC?
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Dear Adeyemi, you have a good point about how long we will have fly ash available in sufficient quantities for replacing cement. Even if pond ash is used, still it's inadequate in the long term given the ever increasing quantities of cement being consumed. Also availability of fly ash at a suitable location for its economical use also can be a challenge. Given all of these issues which also affects geopolymers, material like LC3 cement is being pursued aggressively by researchers led by Prof Karen Scrivner and he collaborators. Lime Calcined Clay Cement is made from the same abundantly available raw materials as Cement but at a.much lower embodied energy. You may find it of interest. We are currently developing ECC using LC3 materials. We will be publishing the results soon.
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I am currently designing a deformable wheel for a six-wheeled lunar vehicle and I am trying to model the trafficability of this wheel on a lunar surface. To do this I am using Bekker’s Equations.
My question: I found normalized DP (drawbar pull) values of 26 for a wheel with grousers and a value of 0.48 for the same wheel, but without grousers. The value of 26 seems very high based on results I have found in other papers online so I am skeptical of my results and need help confirming that the assumptions and calculations I made make sense. I have attached a .pdf that walks you through what I did and assumptions I made. Along with this I highlighted areas where I am uncertain as they may be possible areas of error.
Thanks again for your time and any advice relating to this will be very helpful since this is my first time working with Bekker's equations and wheel-soil interactions in general.
Note: the soil characteristics I used were the recommend ones found in the Lunar hand guide
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I am starting to think that the equation I used for Soil Thrust with grousers is unit dependent for in,lbf. With that being said, I converted my cm and N values to in and lbf and tried it again. This gave me a normalized DP value of 1.46 which seem to be more in the realm of reason.
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I want to analyze the amount of SO2 emitted from volcanic activity. I will use ASTER TIR because they provide multispectral TIR data.i saw some people talking about streaching. But, I don't know how to do it.
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I am agreed with Dr.Khaled Al-Farhany
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I believe the most fundamental discoveries of all times - nanomaterial.
Is my perception matches your opinion? What alternative you can suggest?why?
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Dear Baskhar,
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Hello Research Gate Community!
I am a first year Entrepreneurship Ph.D. student at Baylor and I am conducting a study on academic scientist’s intention to commercialize their research.
While a lot has been done on the topic of commercializing research, almost no one has examined it from the perspective of the scientist. Your perceptions of research commercialization matter and should be considered by university policy makers when designing the process.
I don’t think anyone likes long surveys and I know you have much more important things to do, so I designed the survey to take less than 10 minutes. If you are willing to take the survey, you can access it through the link below:
Thank you very much for the time and consideration!
Best,
Austin
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P. K. Karmakar Thank you for the encouragement! Before offering my opinion I will offer a disclaimer-- the deepest understanding I have of theoretical physics research comes from a recent reading of Neil deGrasse Tyson's "Accessory to War" (while not a technical read, I highly recommend it). The book offers an interesting insight: while theoretical physicists tend to be opposed to war, their research outcomes are often first utilized by military before reaching civilian markets. To speculate on Tyson's offering: I think generally, direct commercialization is challenging. While outcomes of theoretical physics research have a multitude of application (in warfare and civilian markets), I imagine large scale development is initially very costly (due to being highly technical in nature). Military budgets, being extensive and widely unchecked, allow for far more spending on prototyping/developing these technologies than what civilian industry can achieve. I suspect many outcomes of theoretical physics research undergo initial development in a military setting, later transitioning to civilian markets after this process has reduced development costs for businesses. That said, I am sure there are exceptions-- I am just unfamiliar with them. I hope my answer is helpful. If you know of any cases of outcomes going from lab to civilian markets, please do not hesitate to share. I would love to learn more about direct commercialization of theoretical physics research! Thanks again for your comments.
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Dear Respected Research Gate Members,
Nowadays, every company is interested to manage the appropriate level of inventory with demand. The inventory carrying costs are increasing on the one and not having inventory at the time of demand is a great loss. Now, everyone knows the impact of inventories on the profitability of the company. So, there are many practices to balance between the demand and the level of inventories. Few companing are even working with "zero inventory" concept. Please, share your expert suggestions on the following question.
Which manufacturing/management practices are more useful in managing inventories effectively & efficiently?
Thanks & Regards
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Hi everyone,
I am developing a shell element model for a concrete bridge. I am currently at a stage of assigning the traffic lane UDL. 
As you can see in Figure 1, the traffic lanes are unfortunately at a angle (not 90 degrees) with respect to the horizontal direction, in other words, are not in parallel with the bridge span direction. 
My model is shown in Figure 2. It is already been meshed.
Can someone please give me some hints on selecting the elements that are under the traffic lanes; hence I can apply required UDL on them? 
if the lanes had been perpendicular to the horizontal, I would have used NSEL,S, LOC,Z,(elevation of bridge deck) and NEL,R,LOC,Y, (coordinate of the left and right boundary of the lane), to select the elements. However, it's been difficult when the angle is not 90.
Thanks. 
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That was the major question when I visit marine structure... where the engineer need to know the scientific reason for don't using sulphate-resisting cement not used in marine concrete?
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From the question that commonly asked by engineers during casting concrete that can we neglect the expansion joints, if the construction of concrete is carried out in summer?
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Dear Saad Sarsam .. thanks for your answer..
Actually, mt question is on special case, .. concreting on summer time, .. with most higher temperature degree...
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I am student of Master in Information Engineering. The software architecture domain is new for me. I want to do thesis in it. I am thinking to do in "security for software architecture" but I still have to narrow down or may be from where to start I am very confuse. Any one could help me please.
Thanks.
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Both computer architecture and computer security are very broad fields. If you tell us what you are interested in - how you decided on this topic, that might help. People do better when they work on what they are interested in.
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Im chemical enginI am a chemical engineer and my research project is the production of biogas with whey. And my work is in the first phase a proyect i work is biogas production whit lacto serum and the proyect is in a first phase
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One should be careful to compare the design, sizing and performance of tiny lab/bench scale (EGSB) reactors operating in steady optimal conditions with that of industrial full-scale reactors operating in real world varying conditions on real wastewaters with continuously changing composition and loads.
EGSB = Expanded Granular Sludge Bed reactors require granular sludge to operate at high upflow velocities. In most real world cases, especially on high protein wastewaters (whey, lactoserum), the high-rate upflow reactors operate on a mix of granular and flocculating sludge requiring a well designed UASB/EGSB with adjustable reflux and full process controls as recommended.
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I have a set of coupled ODEs:
J = mu*e*n(x)*E(x) + mu*K*T0* dn(x)/dx
and
dE(x)/dx = (e/eps)*[N_D(x) - n(x)]
These are the drift diffusion equation and Gauss's law for a unipolar N+ N N+ device. The doping profile N_D(x), the mobility mu, T0 are known. The DC current, J, is also known, as are the boundary values: n(0) = N+, N(L) = N+. I want to self consistently solve the above two equations using finite differences, but I am unsure how to go about doing so.
Thanks in advance!
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Hello,
I have written simple 1D drift-diffusion solver examples using finite difference and Scharfetter-Gummel discretization which you can find here:
I'm happy to answer any questions.
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Mathematical modeling is becoming a prominent factor in almost every field of Engineering along with simulation and modelling. The research becomes more viable but complex and to understand. Please state your comment and observations.
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I am a student researching on morphing wing, does anybody know where/how should I start my research, for I have tried to find some related articles or books but have come up short. Thank you in advance for any help.
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